Chapter 1 The Study of American Government

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13 terms

Power

The ability of one person to get another person to act in accordance with the first person's intentions.

Authority

The right to use power

Legitimacy

Political authority conferred by law or by a state or national constitution

Democracy

The rule of the many

Direct or Participatory Democracy

A government in which all or most citizens participate directly

Representative Democracy

A government in which leaders make decisions by winning a competitive struggle for the popular vote

Elite

Persons who possess a disproportionate share of some valued resource, like money or power

Marxist View

View that the government is dominated by capitalists

Power Elite View

View that the government is dominated by a few top leaders, most of whom are outside of government

Bureaucratic View

View that the government is dominated by appointed officials

Pluralist View

The belief that competition among all affected interests shapes public policy

Hyperpluralism

The view that a government is dominated by groups that are so strong that government seeking to please them all is thereby weakened

Government

The institutions and process through which public policies are made for a society

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