History of Civilization - Test 1

67 terms by lebostick 

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Old Babylonian
Hittites
Assyrian
New Babylonian
Persian

Ancient Middle Eastern Empires

History

The record based on surviving evidence of what man has done with the time God has providentialy given him.

Nation

A large group of people who think of themselves as one and act in history as a single entity.

Race

The way the human race can be divided up into large groups.

Capital punishment

death sentence

Post-diluvian civilization

post-flood civilization

Fertile Crescent

part of ancient western Asia

Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq, Turkey, and Syria

6 modern-day countries in the fertile crescent

Mesopotamia

means between the rivers; modern-day country of Iraq

Shinar

Also known as Sumer; site of the first post-diluvian civilization

Agriculture

mastered by the people of Shinar

wheel, plow, and other things

inveted in Shinar

the art of writing

given to us by the people of Shinar

Pictogram, Ideogram, and Phonogram

3 Stages of writing

pictograms

Symbols representing particular objects

idiograms

Symbols of things that cannot be pictured

phonograms

Symbols representing word sounds, not just objects

Sir Henry Rawlinson

interpreted Cuneiform

2300 - civilization began
2200 - Old Akkadian Period
2100 - Third dynasty of Ur (golden age of Ur)
2000 - Destroyed by the Amorites and Elamites

the stages of Sumerian Civilization

Ur-Nammu

started the Golden Age of Ur

the arch

developed this architectural structure

Astrology

studied this subject

60

number used a lot by the Assyrians

Nobles, Commoners, Clients, and Slaves

4 classes of Assyrian civilization

Lugal

Head of government

Monotheism

Sumerian's original religious system

An

God that the Samarian's worshiped

Epic of Gilgamesh

Oldest work of literature outside of the Bible

Hammurabi

founded new Babylon

the code of laws

Hammurabi wrote this

Enuma Elish

composed during Hammurabi's reign

Marduke

Hammurabi worshiped him

Hittites

destroyed babylon

Iron

metal that the Hittites used

Uriah the Hittite

famous Hittite in the Bible

Assyrians

destroyed the Hittites

steel

metal that the Assyrians used

Tiglathpileser

founded the Assyrian empire

Tiglathpileser III

made the Assyrian empire prosper

Ninevah

Capitol city of Assyria

Shalmaneser V and Sargon II

Kings responsible for defeating the Northern and Southern Kingdoms

721 BC

Northern kingdom fell

586 BC

Southern kingdom fell

Sennacherib

unsuccessfuly tried to defeat Judah

Ashurbanipal

built the world's first great library

Nabopolassar

led the Neo-Babylonian Empire

Nebuchadnezzar

Nabopolassar's son

Persian Empire

Cyrus the Great founded this empire

Darius I

developed the postal system and roads

Zoroastrianism

the religion of the royals of Persia

Israel, Canaan, and Palestine

3 common names for the Holy Land

Christianity, Islam, and Judaism

3 religions in the Holy Land

Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, the 12 sons of Jacob

the founding fathers of Israel

Moses

One of the greatest men in history

Mohammed

founded Islam

Koran

holy book of Islam

Hegira

Year one in the Muslim Calendar

July 16, AD 622

Hegira

Ramadan

Holy Month in which Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset

The Creed, Prayer, Pilgrimage, Fasting, and Tithing

the pillars of Islam

Allah

god of Islam

4000 BC

Fall of Mankind

2300 BC

Flood

AD 500

Fall of Roman Empire

AD 1500

Renaissance/Reformation

2000 BC

Abraham is called out of Ur/ Epic of Gilgamesh is written/ Sumer is conquered by Amorites and Elamites

1500 BC

Invention of the Sinai Script/ Exodus/ Ten Commandments

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