Music app_

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plainchant

a single monophonic line w/o any apparent ruthm, meter, tempo. official music of middle age church.

sequence

a type of plainchant, text w/identical melodic treatment

form

the "shape" of a music

troubadour

an educated court poet

madrigal

an italian invention of the renaissance. 1 stanza poem set to music

declamation

a technical device whereby the composer attemts to match the ruthm of the spoken word to rhythm of sung word

word painting

aesthetic device where composer attempts to match the emotion of what is being sung to feeling of music

instrumental music

only instruments (no voices) accompagniment to dance

dance

pavan & galliard

pavane

slow solemn dance in duple meter

galliard

faster livelier dance in triple meter

jig

drunken sailor's dance

organum

1st example of polyphony, around yr 900. 2 lines usually going parallel motion

Notre Dame Organum

2lines on top running in fast motion. 3rd line paraphrased; stretched & elongated

Paraphrase

stretched & elongated

syllabic

one syllable per note

melismatic

more than one syllable per note

motet

religious poetry

hocket

hickup, machine gun line

mass

largest & most important service in catholic church

Ars Nova

new art (1300)

Ars Antigua

old art (1200)

rhythm

smallest element of time in music, parameter that constantly changes

meter

organization of musical pulse into strong & weak beats in multiple of 2 or 3

tempo

how fast or slow that meter unfolds

homophonic

like or same sound

monophonic

one melody sung in unison. [no instruments]

polyphonic

2 or more of the same sound

pitch

single solitary sound; one tone

frequency

an exact science, mathematic of a pitch

dynamics

how loud & soft. volume

amplitude

decimals of the sound

interval

the difference in pitch between two notes

tone color

quality or charater of sound as its passed through dif types of instruments

syncopation

accent the unaccented beat, displacing the accented beat (jazz)

diatonic scale

used to rearrange music & make tune

chromatic scale

12 pitches. all equal distance from each other

consonance

pleasing & at risk

disconsonance

displeasing, annoying, out of place

modulation

change one key to another

symphony orchestra

largest musical ensemble. (string, woodwind, brass, percussion)

pope gregory I

(500) 1st compiler of all known plainchant (Gregorian chant)

middle ages

(500-1500) musical history

divine office

any service that happens in any given day

strophic

any song where music is the same for each verse

renaissance

(1450-1600) rebirth of education & art. holy roman empire ruling the world

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