Repeated patterns of behavior that provides structure, security and sense of progress
Start quickly, write easy parts first, keep moving, quit when you know what comes next.
Practicing the most effective means or strategies for informing or persuading an audience.
5 components of writing
purpose, subject, thesis(focus), writer, audience
4 collecting strategies
journal, freewriting, listing, clustering
7 common purposes for writing
express feelings, learning, informing, explaining, persuading, exploring, entertaining
4 stages of writing process
invention, arrangement, drafting, revising
3 guidelines for choosing a subject
interesting to you, knowlegable about, restricted (not too broad)
writing nonstop for a specific period of time. Keep writing even if you repeat word or phrase until new thought comes to mind.
notebook where you write down thoughts, ideas, images etc. on a regular basis.
Individual- instructor, class mates,coworkers Specialized- medical drs, economists etc...
2 types of organizational patterns
simple outline, write down exact points and order
2 types of revision
3 characteristics of effective thesis statements
clearly expresses your essays main idea
8 ways to begin an introduction
background information, definition of relevant term or concept, anecdote or story, quotation, question,contradiction, fact or statistic
What not to do in an introduction
dont apologize, in my opinion, dictionary terms, don't announce, don't wander
What's in a name essay
civil rights movement- 64 prohibited discrimination, 65 voting rights, 68- housing, real estate
convey personal feelings, used in diaries, personal emails, journals, descriptive essays, narratives
convince readers to think or act in a certain way. editorials, argumentive essays, research papers etc
particular group in mind. instructor or class mates, coworkers.
Advice for revising an essay
cooling off period, revise on paper (hard copy), read aloud, get feedback from peers, don't get overwhelmed, don't let ego get in way, revise in stages-large elements
4 ways to conclude an essay
review key points or restate thesis, recommendation of a problem or recommedation, prediction, relevant quotation
when each sentence relates directly to main idea of the paragraph
smoothly and logically connected to one another strengthened 3 ways.
repeat key words, pronouns refer to key nouns in previous sentences, transitions-words or expressions show chronological sequence, cause and effect etc....
Well developed paragraph
unified, coherent, organized according to a specific pattern of development. Each paragraph supports thesis statement.
incomplete sentence, missing subject, verb or both.
error that occurs when 2 independent clauses are connected with just a comma.
2 independent clauses that are connected without any punctuation.
occasionally used to set off and emphasize information with in a sentence. Used in moderation in college
introduce lists, examples, and clarifications. should only be preceeded by a complete sentence. used in moderation in college.
Myth 1 Good writers are born not made, writing courses don't help
Fact:Writers acquire their skills the same way atheletes do, through practice and hard work.
Myth 2 Writing courses are just a review of boring grammar and punctuation
Fact: Learning and communicating come first in writing courses.
Myth 3: Writing courses are not important in college or in the real world.
Fact: they have a siginificant effect on success in college, on the job and in real life.
Overview of content, skim work to get general sense of writers ideas, subject, main point, purpose, audience, assumption about audience, biases, themes, etc...
important ideas, key terms, related points
Carry on a conversation in text in marginal notes. Ask questions, parallels, define terms, concepts.