English Comp. I

37 terms by pcoster

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Rituals

Repeated patterns of behavior that provides structure, security and sense of progress

Getting Started

Start quickly, write easy parts first, keep moving, quit when you know what comes next.

Rhetoric

Practicing the most effective means or strategies for informing or persuading an audience.

5 components of writing

purpose, subject, thesis(focus), writer, audience

4 collecting strategies

journal, freewriting, listing, clustering

7 common purposes for writing

express feelings, learning, informing, explaining, persuading, exploring, entertaining

4 stages of writing process

invention, arrangement, drafting, revising

3 guidelines for choosing a subject

interesting to you, knowlegable about, restricted (not too broad)

Freewriting

writing nonstop for a specific period of time. Keep writing even if you repeat word or phrase until new thought comes to mind.

Journal

notebook where you write down thoughts, ideas, images etc. on a regular basis.

audience

Individual- instructor, class mates,coworkers Specialized- medical drs, economists etc...

2 types of organizational patterns

Time
Emphatic

Scratch outline

simple outline, write down exact points and order

2 types of revision

Global, Local

3 characteristics of effective thesis statements

clearly expresses your essays main idea
communicates purpose
clearly worded

8 ways to begin an introduction

background information, definition of relevant term or concept, anecdote or story, quotation, question,contradiction, fact or statistic

What not to do in an introduction

dont apologize, in my opinion, dictionary terms, don't announce, don't wander

What's in a name essay

civil rights movement- 64 prohibited discrimination, 65 voting rights, 68- housing, real estate

Expressive writing

convey personal feelings, used in diaries, personal emails, journals, descriptive essays, narratives

persuasive writing

convince readers to think or act in a certain way. editorials, argumentive essays, research papers etc

audience

particular group in mind. instructor or class mates, coworkers.

Advice for revising an essay

cooling off period, revise on paper (hard copy), read aloud, get feedback from peers, don't get overwhelmed, don't let ego get in way, revise in stages-large elements

4 ways to conclude an essay

review key points or restate thesis, recommendation of a problem or recommedation, prediction, relevant quotation

paragraph unity

when each sentence relates directly to main idea of the paragraph

paragraph coherence

smoothly and logically connected to one another strengthened 3 ways.
repeat key words, pronouns refer to key nouns in previous sentences, transitions-words or expressions show chronological sequence, cause and effect etc....

Well developed paragraph

unified, coherent, organized according to a specific pattern of development. Each paragraph supports thesis statement.

Fragment

incomplete sentence, missing subject, verb or both.

comma splice

error that occurs when 2 independent clauses are connected with just a comma.

Fused sentence

2 independent clauses that are connected without any punctuation.

Dash

occasionally used to set off and emphasize information with in a sentence. Used in moderation in college

colon

introduce lists, examples, and clarifications. should only be preceeded by a complete sentence. used in moderation in college.

Myth 1 Good writers are born not made, writing courses don't help

Fact:Writers acquire their skills the same way atheletes do, through practice and hard work.

Myth 2 Writing courses are just a review of boring grammar and punctuation

Fact: Learning and communicating come first in writing courses.

Myth 3: Writing courses are not important in college or in the real world.

Fact: they have a siginificant effect on success in college, on the job and in real life.

Active reading

Overview of content, skim work to get general sense of writers ideas, subject, main point, purpose, audience, assumption about audience, biases, themes, etc...

Highlight

important ideas, key terms, related points

Annotate

Carry on a conversation in text in marginal notes. Ask questions, parallels, define terms, concepts.

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