person who studies as a science the things that ancient people have left behind; tells us how early people in New Mexico lived.
term used by archaelogists to describe anything made by people; important because of what it tells us about how early people lived.
living patterns, customes, skills of a given people at a given time.
area wher early hunters killed game for food; important to archaelogist because of the physical remains left there by early people.
Big Game Hunters
The earliest people to live in New Mexico were hunters of big game. They lived her between 12,000 and 8,000 years ago.
Clovis and Folsom people live here
Eastern New Mexico
word to descibe a way of life marked by having no permanent home, but rather moving from place to place.
When the big game disappeared the Big Game Hunters moved away. These new dwellers moved to the Southwest (western part of present day NM). They went through two stages; 1st stage as hunter gatherers and the second as gardeners.
1st Stage of Desert dwellers
These stage dwellers lived between 8,000 and 4,000 years ago. These people were hunter gatherers. They hunted and trapped deer, antelope, and rodents. They fished. They gathered seeds, nuts, and berries.
2nd Stage of Desert dwellers
These stage dwellers lived between 4,000 and 2,500 years ago. These people became gardeners. They added food plants, such as corn from Mexico, to their diets. They still moved moved around. They lived in such natural shelters as caves. At the same time, they began to build some shelters of brush.
word used to describe a way of life in which a people settle down and build permanent homes
The Mogollon Culture
Three important cultures evolve from the desert dwellers. This is one culture that settled in west-central New Mexico. The name of this culture derived their name from the mountains.
Number of cultures that grew from Desert Culture
spear-throwing device used by early peoples to hurl spears and darts; effective in enabling hunters to send their darts and spears greater distances.
Spanish word that means town; used to name the adobe houses of the Anasazi and of the Indians also called Pueblos.
tool used to grind corn into meal
religious center for the Anasazi and the Pueblo Indians; very important to the cultures that centered their religious ceremonies in a kiva
flat stone on which corn is ground into meal
To the north were a group of people who developed more slowly thant the Mogollon. This is a Navajo word that means "the Ancient Ones". It can also be translated as "enemies of our ancestors."
The Anasazi culture was of this culture. These people were named basketmakers because of their great skill in making baskets.
flat topped area that rises above the surrounding lands