Final Exam Study Guide, Spts Med1

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128 terms · Sports Medicine 1 Final Exam Study Guide

The Ancient Civilizations that had Athletic Trainers

Greeks and Romans

Wrote the First Athletic Training book in 1917

SE Bilik

Fathers of Athletic Training

Cramer Brothers

Where is the Natitional Athletic Trainers Association's HQ

Dallas, Texas

When was the NATA formed?

1950

What does ATC stand for?

Certified Athletic Trainer

What does OSHA stand for?

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

What are the Duties of a Physician?

to give physicals, state medical disqualitfication, and be an advocate of the AT

What are the Duties of the Coach?

To be First aid and CPR ceritified, and know environmental safety procedures

What are responsibilities of the AT?

Injury evaluation, treatment, and management, medical referral, insurance processing, rehabilitation, teaching, and event coverage.

What are personal qualities of an ATC?

Stamina, empathy, a sense of humor, the ability to communicate, intellectual curiosity, and ethics

What are CEU's?

Continuing Educational Units

What are the Parts of the NATA Exam?

written, oral/practical, and written simulation

the body trunk

Axial

the extremities

Appendicular

Frontal/Coronal (divides Anterior and posterior), sagittal (divides right and left), and Transverse/axial (divides horizontally)

What are the 3 body planes?

the study of muscles

Myology

the study of the nervous system

Neurology

the study of joint articulations

Anthrology

the study of bone

osteology

infront of

Anterior

towards the inside, midline of the body

Medial

towards the top of the head

Superior

away from the point of reference

distal

away from the surface

deep

laying on your back

supine

back side

dorasal

palmside of the hand

palmer

the back of

posterior

towards the outside, away from midline

lateral

towards feet

inferior

towards main body or point of reference

proximal

toward the surface

superficial

laying on your stomach

prone

tomach side

ventral

back side of the hand

volmer

standing on the heels

dorisflexion

turning foot medially

inversion

brings 2 bones together

flexion

face up

supination

moving away from midline

abduction

movement of bone around an axis

rotation

inward/ medial movement around an axis

internal rotation

standing on toes

plantar flexion

turning foot laterally

eversion

2 bones moving away from eachother

extension

face down

pronation

toward the body

adduction

full roation/circle

circumduction

lateral

external rotation

S shaped

Clavicle

largest and strongest bone in the body

Femur

upper arm bone

humerus

larger of the two lower leg bones

tibia

medial forearm bone

ulna

smaller of the two leg bones

fibula

upper jaw bone

maxilla

shoulder blade

scapula

lower jaw bone

mandible

another name for C1

Atlas

lateral forearm bone

radius

another name for C2

axis

breast bone

sternum

knee cap

patella

all fingers and toes

phalanges

heel bone

calcaneou

tail bone

coccyx

12 pairs

ribs

7 ones in the neck

Cervical Vertebrae

base of the skull

occipital

cheek bone

zygomatic

5 bones fused together

sacrum

bridge of the nose

nasal bone

part of the pelvis you sit on

ischium

8 bones in the wrist

carpals

7 bones in the ankle

tarsals

5 bones in the palm

metacarpals

forehead bone

frontal

front part of the pelvis

pubis

12 vertebrae

thoracic vertebrae

side of the skull

temporal

top of the skull

parietal

free floating bone in the neck

hyoid

5 bones in the lower back

lumbar vetebrae

lower leg bones sit on top of this bone in the ankle

talus

upper part of the pelvis, larger and flat

illium

5 bones in the mid foot

metatarsals

number of bones in the human body

206

turns the head toward the opposite shoulder, neck muscle

sternocleidomastoid

shoulder muscle 3 parts

deltoid

upper back muscle

trapezious

muscle that extends the elbow

triceps brachii

anterior thigh muscles

4 quadriceps

chest muscle

pectoralis major

muscle that allows you to bend the elbow

biceps brachii

lower back muscle

latissmus dorsi

major chewing muscle

massiter

posterior leg muscle that allows the flexation of the thigh

3 hamstrings

muscles of the abdomen

abdominal muscles

muscle that runs from the lateral hip to the medial knee

sartorius

calf muscle

gastrocnemius

behind the gastrocnemius

soleous

flexes the hip

hip flexor

3 butt muscles

3 gluteal muscles

brings leg back

adductor muscles

tensor fasia latae

IT band

where the muscle attatches (stationary)

origin

where the muscle attatches or inserts (moves when muscle contracts

insertion

motion or movement the muscle produces

action

nerve that makes the muscle contract

innervation

state of below regular body temperature

hypothermia

state of elevated body temperature

hyperthermia

"prickly heat" caused by contunually wet skin

heat rash

heat collapse-caused by standing in heat for long periods of time

heat syncope

painful muscle spasms-caused by inadequate amounts of water,potassium, sodium, magnesium in the body

heat cramps

caused by inadequate replacement of fluids-collapse, pale skin

heat exhuastion

life threatening emergency shallow breathing, flushed hot skin, related to untreated heat cramps and heat exhaustion

heat stroke

blistering of nose, ear, cheeks, fingers, and toes

frost nip

can be superficial or deep freezing of tissue/ chiblains

frost bite

device used to measure heat and humidity

psycrometer

hydration, gradual acclimatization, uniforms, weight records, temperature readings

prevention of heat illness/injuries

rehydration, put athlete in shaded place, call ems

treatment of heat illness/injuries

fluid replacement, warm body

treatment/prevention of cold illness/injuries

5seconds equal a mile

flash bang theory

go inside

thunderstorm safety

12-15

% Body Fat of males

20-25

% body fat of females

pulse, respiration, blood pressure, temperature, skin color, pupils reaction to light, level of consciousness, movement, reaction to pain

9 vital signs

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