an organic compound that is made of one or more chains of amino acids and that is a principle component of all cells
any one of 20 different organic molecules that contain a carboxyl and an amino group and that combine to form proteins
a type of protein that speeds up metabolic reactions in plant and animals without being permanently changed or destroyed.
a part, substance, or element that lies beneath and supports another part, substance, or element; the reactions catalyzed by enzymes.
the site on an enzyme that attaches to a substance.
the minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical reaction.
any organic compound that is made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen and that provides nutrients to the cells of living things.
a simple sugar that is the basic subunit of a carbohydrate.
an organic compound, either RNA or DNA, whose molecules are made up of one or two chains of nucleotides and carry genetic information
adenosine triphosphate, an organic molecule that acts as the main energy source for cell processes; composed of a nitrogenous base, a sugar, and three phosphate groups
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar, a phosphate, and a nitrogenous base.
deoxyribonucleic acid, the material that contains the information that determines inherited characteristics
ribonucleic acid, a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and that plays a role in protein synthesis
a type of biochemical that does not dissolve in water, including fats and steroids; lipids store energy and make up cell membranes.
A fatty acid with all potential hydrogen binding sites filled (totally hydrogenated fat). These hold the highest risk for the development of atherosclerosis
is a fat or fatty acid in which there is one or more double bond in the fatty acid chain.
a value used to express the acidity or alkalinity of a solution
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when dissolved in water.
any compound that increases the number of hydroxide ions when dissolved in water.
Chemical solution that is neither acidic nor alkaline (has a pH of 7.0), such as pure water.