fervent belief and loyalty to the political unit of the nation-state
the legal principle that the oldest son inherits all family property or land
an economic arrangement by which a number of investors pool their capital for investment
a legal document granted by a government to some group or agency to implement a stated purpose, and spelling out the attending rights and obligations
an official count of population, often also including other information about the population
concerning the decentralized medieval social system of personal obligations between rulers and ruled
a poor person obligated to a fixed term of unpaid labor, often in exchange for a benefit such as transportation, protection, or training
originally, religious freedom granted by an established church to a religious minority
a frontier farmer who illegally occupied land owned by others or not yet officially opened for settlement
in politics, a small territory or state between two larger, antagonistic powers and intended to minimize the possibility of conflict between them
popular American term for an ethnically diverse population that is presumed to be "melting" toward some eventual commonality
After decades of religious turmoil, Protestantism finally gained permanent dominance in England after the succession to the throne of...
Queen Elizabeth I
Imperial England and English soldiers developed a contemptuous attitude toward "natives" partly through their colonizing experiences in...
England's victory over the Spanish Armada gave it...
dominance of the Atlantic Ocean and a vibrant sense of nationalism
At the time of the first colonization efforst, England was...
undergoing rapid economic and social transformations
Many of the early Puritan settlers of America were...
uprooted sheep farmers from eastern and western England
England's first colony at Jamestown was...
saved from failure by John Smith's leadership and by John Rolfe's introduction of tobacco
Representative government was first introduced to America in the colony of...
One important difference between the founding of the Virginia and Maryland colonies was that...
Virginia was founded mainly as an economic venture, while Maryland was intended partly to secure religious freedom for persecuted Roman Catholics
After the Act of Toleration in 1649, Maryland provided religious freedom for all...
Protestants and Catholics
The primary reason that no new colonies were founded between 1634 and 1670 was...
the civil war in England
The early conflicts between English settlers and the Indians near Jamestown laid the basis for...
the forced separation of the Indians into the separate territories of te "reservation system"
The Indian peoples who most successfully adapted to the European incursion were...
the interior Appalachian tribes who used their advantages of time, space, and numbers to create a "middle ground" of economic and cultural interaction
After the defeat of the coastal Tuscarora and Yamasee Indians by North Carolinians in 1711-1715...
the powerful Creeks, Cherokees, and Iroquois remained in the Appalachian Mountains as a barrier against white settlement
Most of the earlywhite settlers in North Carolina were...
religious dissenters and poor whites fleeing aristocractic Virginia
The high-minded philanthropists who founded the Georgia colony were especially interested in the causes of...
prison reform and avoiding slavery
Indian leader who ruled tribes in the James River area of Virginia
Raleigh and Gilbert
Elizabethan courtiers who failed in their attempts to found New World colonies
the failed "lost colony" founded by Sir Walter Raleigh
Smith and Rolfe
Virginia leader "saved" by Pocahantas and the prominent settler who married her
colony that established a House of Burgesses in 1619
founded as a haven for Roman Catholics
Lord De La Warr
harsh military governor of Virginia who employed "Irish tactics" against the Indians
Jamaica and Barbados
British West Indian sugar colonies where large-scale plantations and slavery took root
the Catholic aristocrat who sought to build a sanctuary for his fellow believers
colony that turned to disease-resistant African slaves for labor in its extensive rice plantations; only southern colony with a salve majority
colony that was called "a vale of humility between two mountains of conceit"
founded as a refuge for debtors by philanthropists
philanthropic soldier-statesman who founded the Georgia colony
the unmarried ruler who established English Protestantism and fought the Catholic Spain
riverbank site where Virginia Company settlers planted the first permanent English colony
Nation where English Protestant rulers employed brutal tactics against the local Catholic population
island colony founded by Sir Walter Raleigh that mysteriously disappeared in the 1580s
naval invaders defeated by English "sea dogs" in 1588
Forerunner of the modern corporation that enabled investors to pool financial capital for colonial ventures
name of two wars, fought in 1614 and 1644, between the English in Jamestown and the nearby Indian leader
Barbados Slave Code
the harsh system of laws governing African labor, first developed in Barbados and later officially adopted by South Carolina in 1696
royal document granting a specified group the right to form a colony and guaranteeing settlers their rights as English citizens
penniless people obligated to engage in unpaid labor for a fixed number of years in exchange for passage to the New World
The Iroquois Confederacy
powerful Indian confederation that dominated New York and the eastern Great Lakes areas
term for a colony under direct control of the English king or queen
the primary plantation crop of South Carolina
a melting-pot town in early colonial Georgia