A religious sect that split off the Anglican Church because they
thought the church had retained too many unscriptural practices from its split
with the Catholic Church, they arrived in Massachusetts in 1630
A colony founded by The Virginia Company of London
in 1607 forty miles up the James River which drains into Chesapeake Bay, it
was the first permanent English settlement in North America.
A system put in place by the Spanish to deal with labor shortages and also
to reward the conquistadores. It created large estates where Indians slave were treated ruthlessly for maximum profit.
a document made by the pilgrims aboard
the Mayflower that created a government based on the consent
of the governed
a system where workers could immigrate to the Americas.
Their passage was paid for by a company for whom the indentured servant would work
until they had paid off their debt. This was a way to get poorer people to come
and work in the colonies
Companies that raised their capital by selling shares of
Stock. Several colonies came into being because of investors betting that they would be able to make money in the new world.
A powerful Indian chief who caused lots of
problems for the colonists of Jamestown
Used in Virginia and Maryland to encourage importation of servant workers for farming. Allowed whoever paid the passage of the laborer to get 50 acres of land. Rewarded masters, not servants. Led to disproportionate amount of indentured servants coming to America, making up over ¾ of the population of European immigrants, and the formation of land barons.
In 1612 he introduced a strain of tobacco, originally from the West Indies, to Virginia. Tobacco turned out to be a very successful cash crop that funded the Virginia colony. Married to Pocahontas
1608-1609 prevented Jamestown's collapse with strict leadership and "he who works not, eats not" motto
Served as intermediary between Native Americans and Virginians, daughter of Powhatan, married to John Rolfe
Puritan preacher who was banned from the colony. Bought land from Native Americans and formed Providence (1636)
The Great Awakening
A religious revival movement in the 1720s-1740s. Divided religious community between "Old Lights" and "New Lights" (Old Lights didn't support Awakening, New Lights did). Also led to the formation of many new colleges (including some Ivy League), founded to train New Light ministers.
The doctrines of John Calvin, which heavily influenced many religions in the colonies, including Puritans, Scottish Presbyterians, and French Huguenots.
A Wampanoag Indian chief who had a friendly relationship with the pilgrims, he traded with them and taught them how to live off the land.
A set of rules that held the beliefs that slaves were property, they included things like protection of ones property and ones self from slave violence and they gave the owner complete control over the slave.
Salem witch trials
1692, Salem, Massachusetts a group of girls claimed their neighbor helped the devil possess them. this started an out break of accusation. many people were found guilt and put to death for witch craft.
Trade between three regions using a commodity for one as payment for commodities from the other two.
A religious group that goes to church regularly. it was a very popular practice and still is.
Someone who believes in baptism when one has come of age and made the decision themselves, no infant baptisms. This was also a popular belief.
a long poem that depicts the problems of society and contain a prophecy of society's downfall and inevitable doom - The Puritans loved jeremiads, such as "Sinners in the Hands of God" which could be told in a sermon
A Virginian colonist who wanted to force the Native Americans to live on treaty protected lands or be driven out violently. He was very vicious/violent towards all Native Americans. He is famous for instigating the Bacon Rebellion.
John Peter Zenger
Was a German/American publisher in New York who voiced out his opinion against the authority, namely the colonial governors being sent over to rule the colonies. He won a landmark case which laid the ground for freedom of the press.
Was a theologian/pastor during the 18th century and a missionary to the Native Americans. He helped shape the Great Awakening and promoted gender equality through his speeches and sermons.
Was one of the founders of Methodism who helped spread the Great Awakening throughout the British colonies and Brittan itself. Whenever he preached, he drew massive crowds and lots of media coverage to the event.
Was the first African American to get her work published. Even George Washington praised her work of Wheatley's Poems of Various Subjects, Religious and Morals. She was an African slave in the 18th century whose owner encouraged her to read and write.
was a rebellion led by Virginian colonist Nathaniel Bacon in 1676 against Virginia's governor and his friendly policies towards Native Americans
NYC Slave Revolt
A revolt led by 23 slaves in 1712 that resulted in 9white people dying, and 70 Africans getting arrested
A Puritan in the 17th century who was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for her religous practices
The founder of the Province of Pennslyvania and a real estate tycoon
The last Dutch director general of New Netherlands before it was ceded to the English
Helped found the Massachusetts Bay Colony and was the colony's governor for 12 out of 20 years of it's existence