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Chapter 7 Quiz - EMT studies

A patient has taken a medication that increases the activity of his sympathetic nervous system. Which one of the following signs and symptoms would the EMT expect to find?

d. Dilated pupils.

The left side of a patient's heart is in severe failure, causing blood to back up behind it. Which one of the following signs and symptoms are you most likely to see in this patient?

c. Crackles in the lungs.

Which one of the following statements regarding the endocrine system is true?

c. It is made up several glands whose secretions cause specific actions in a specific organs.

Which one of the following best represents the correct sequence for the passage of air into the lungs?

c. Mouth, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, alveoli.

A tachypneic patient is breathing:

d. rapidly.

Which one of the following is the fluid that carries blood cells and nutrients?

c. Plasma.

An asthmatic is short of breath because her small airways are constricted. For this patient, the best medication is one that contains what sympathetic (adrenergic) properties?

a. beta-2.

Which one of the following lines divides the body into right and left halves?

c. Midline.

A patient has been shot with a rifle. The bullet entered his chest just above the left nipple and exited his body just left of the lumbar spine. Which one of the following is approprate to document on the prehospital care report?

c. Entry would to anterior thorax.

Which one of the following descriptions best describes the anatomic position?

c. Standing with the arms down at the side and palms facing forward.

A patient informs you that he injured a tendon in his knee three years ago and has had a difficult time walking since. You should recognize that this injury involves a structure that:

d. connects muscles to the knee.

A patient complains of pain to the upper jaw, which is also called the:

b. maxilla.

Which one of the following is a function of the skeletal system?

c. Producing blood cells.

The bones of the upper extremities include:

d. humerus and radius.

A female patient suffers from a muscular disease and cannot walk, this requiring a wheelchair. Based on the fact that she cannot ambulate, you should recognize that the muscles affected area of which type?

d. Voluntary

A patient has fractured bones in his left leg. Which one of the following could be broken?

c. Femur, tibia, or fibula.

The pediatric airway differs from adult airways in that:

b. the child's tongue takes up proportionately more space in the mouth.

A patient is experiencing the backup of blood and accumulation of fluid in lung tissue. Failure of which one of the heart's valves is likely be responsible for this condition?

a. Mitral.

When the diaphragm and intercostal muscles relax, which one of the following occurs?

c. Exhalation.

An 89 year old female patient has fallen in her living room and is complaining of a left hip pain. As you approach, you note that she is on her back and her left leg is turned inward. When relaying this information to the receiving hospital, which one of the following statements should you make regarding her position?

c. Supine with medial rotation of the left lower extremity.

Another EMT informs you that a patient has been stabbed once with a knife in the left midaxillary region. Which of the following BEST describes the injury location?

c. Left lateral chest.

A female patient has suffered a stroke to the right side of her brain and has paralysis to the contralateral portion of the body. Which one of the following is true?

d. She cannot move her left arm and leg.

In which one of the following structures of the respiratory system does an occlusion cause the total cessation of air flow into and out of the lungs?

b. Trachea.

You have been called to transport a patient who is suffering from an illness that has caused a decrease in the ability of the involuntary muscles to move. Which one of the following conditions should you expect?

c. Decreased movement of waste through the large intestines.

Which one of the following best describes the difference between cardiac and smooth muscles?

c. Cardiac muscl can generate an electrical impulse, smooth muscle cannot.

A patient who has had both her thyroid and parathyroid glands removed would most likely have difficulty with which one of the following?

c. Maintaining strong, healthy bones.

Which one of the following statements regarding the integumentary system is true?

c. The skin protects the body against bacteria and other organisms.

A patient has suffered a burn to the skin. Based on the function of the skin, to which one of the following conditions is he more susceptible?

c. Infection.

The terms occipital, parietal, and frontal refer to which part of the body?

c. Cranium.

Assessment of an elderly male shows him to be confused. His family states that this is normal for him because he has a disease of his brain that has affected his ability to remember things. Based on this information, in what area of the brain is this disease located?

a. Cerebrum.

A patient has severe swelling of the leaf-shaped flap that helps to prevent food from entering lower respiratory system. Knowing that the suffix "itis" refers to inflammation, which one of the following conditions in the patient by suffering from?

c. Epiglottitis.

A patient has suffered a stroke and injury to his brainstem. Which one of the following signs and symptoms might EMT expect to see as a results of this condition?

a. Abnormal respirations.

As you arrive on scene, an Emergency Medical Responder informs you that the patient has agonal respirations. By this description, you should expect the patient's breathing to be:

b. deep, occasional, and gasping.

A patient is complaining of extreme dizziness and headache. Which one of the following conditions is most likely to be responsible for this complaint?

b. Occlusion of the carotid arteries.

Which portion of the heart is in failure when it can no longer effectively pump blood into the lungs?

c. Right ventricle.

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