5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Edward Bellany: Looking Backward-explain theme and impact
- Why were the standard time zones created?
- Describe living conditions in typical immigrant neighborhoods.
- Describe the AFL leadership of Samuel Gompers (length, successes, failures, etc.)
- Why were there many more men than women immigrants?
- a The book was a utopian romance that took place in 2000. He guessed that there would be no exonomical problems, no poor or wealthy, no strikes. He called this nationalism. This book helped create the "social gospel".
- b Men came to America to fix their economic problems. They never planned to stay permantely, so often times men would come to get money, go home, and buy a farm. Many stayed true to this but only 5% would return to Europe.
- c Many lived in 2 or 3 room apartments with several sleeping in each room. Many shared beds, there was little light or air. Few had toilets or running water. High populations and poor sanitation. Many diseases spread. By 1900, the living conditions improved.
- d He was reelected every year to AFl presidency from 1896 to his death in 1924. In his early years the membership went from less than half a million in 1897 to more than 2 million in 1904. He understood the importance of unions and allowed several of them, like the United Mine Workers and the ladies Garment Workers Union. However AFL's ranks remained dominated by skilled workers who looked down upon the unsilled.
- e Before 1883, cities and localties kept their own time derived from the sun's meridian in each place. For example, when it was noon in Chicago id's be 11:27 in Omaha, and 11:56 in St. Louis. THis was bad for railroad time tables, so in 1883 many railroads established 4 standad time zones. Congress finally sanctioned these time zones in 1918.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Oz could mean ounces like gold or silver
- Railroads, gold standard, banks, the 2 parties
- The president (Oz is a fraud, goverenment isn't as powerful.)
- The machine "bosses" used a variety of legal and illegal leans to bring victory on election day. They often won over immigrants by paving roads, etc. in their neighborhoods and helping them out. The bosses who ran the machine served their needs firsts, and the protected people (gamblers, pimps) who contributed large amounts to the machines and would require employees to campaign and vote for them and do widespread election fraud.
- Stole from the working class but helped the industry grow.
5 True/False Questions
Describe The Midway Plaisance at the Chcago World's Fair → It was caused by a collapse of the stock market that caused a 4 year depression. There was an economic slow down which caused British banks to call Ameircan Loans, draining money when we really needed it. There was also declining farm prices, rapid expansion of railroad construction, etc. National Cordage Company and Reading Railroad went bankrupt which caused bank and businesses to fail. Unemployment rates went over 15%.
What was the "Ludlow Massacre?" Why were many outraged by it? → How the wealthy was able to party and live a life of leisure that middle-class people couldn't do. They were able to spend money on entertainment and parties all they wanted. Sometimes the money spent for a party could support a tenement full of immigrant families for a year.
Symbolism: Silver shoes → Coined silver money, how reliable they are
why did museums begin running on sundays? → They were well suited to poor city dwellers with little money, little free time, and little command of the Englush language. They were only a nickel, about 15 minutes, and had a "silent screen." THey were thrilling and good commercial entertainment.
What were the two developments that were behind social darwinism? → Men came to America to fix their economic problems. They never planned to stay permantely, so often times men would come to get money, go home, and buy a farm. Many stayed true to this but only 5% would return to Europe.