How is the word LIKE used
LIKE never means "for example" on the GMAT. Like should be used only in comparisons.
* come directly after a comma
* refer to the noun just before the comma
* only exception is when it follows a preposition. ex. "in which"
must refer to an actual location
must refer to an actual time
Parallel Structure Errors
1. Items in a list must have parallel form
2. Many two-part constructions setup parallel elements; for example "from A to B" and "just as A, so B"
3. Two-part constructions are often tested idiomatically. For example "Not only" MUST be followed by "but also", not just by "but"
1. Modifying phrase must be placed as close as possible to what it modifies
2. Adjectives modify nouns, while adverbs modify verbs or adjectives
1. A pronoun must refer unambiguously to a specific noun
2. A pronoun must agree in number with the noun it replaces
1. A verb must agree with the subject of the sentence. Plural subjects go with plural verbs and singular subjects go with singular verbs
2. The verb tense must make sense with the rest of the sentence.
Typically abused pronouns on the GMAT
it, its, they, their, them, which, and that
Look for these. if they are present they must refer unambiguously to a noun or pronoun (its antecedent) in the sentence.
REGARD something AS
WITH REGARD TO something
PREFER x TO y
REQUIRE something OF someone - expect or demand
REQUIRE something FROM someone - demand
CONSIDERED TO BE - "considered as" is always wrong
Idiom: As Long
AS LONG AS
COVERS SUCH x AS
AT A RATE OF
DISCOURAGE x FROM
use BETWEEN to distinguish two things
use AMONG to distinguish more than two things
Used when you can count the items in question
Used when you cannot count the items
ORDERED x TO do something
SO x THAT y