Biology Roots Vocab (A-H)

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ab

away from, against

ac/acr

sharp, sour

acou

hearing

ad

towards, to

adip/o

fat

ag

move, do

agr

farming

alges/-algia

pain

ali/altr

other

allo-

other, different

am/amour

love, together

ambl/ambul

movement

ambi/amphi

both

ana

upwards, throughout

analog

proportionate

anim

spirit, life

ann/enn

yearly

ant/ante

before

anthro/andro/anthrop

human

anti/ant

against

append

hang to

apt/ept

skill, ability, fit

apsis

juncture

aqua/aque

water

arch

ruler, leader

archae

beginning

arthro

jointed

astro

star

aud

sound, hear

ax/axi/axo

axis

belli/bell

war

bene/ben/boun/bon

good

biblio

book

brach/i

arm

cad/cas/cid

happen, to fall

calor

heat

cap/cip

head

capt/cept

to seize

carb

carbon

cardi

heart

carn

flesh

caus/caut

burn

cede/cess

yield, go

centro

center

chemo

chemical

chloro

green

chondr

cartilage

chord

string

chron

time

cide/cise

to cut, to kill

circ/circum

around

civ/civil

citizen

claim/clam

declare

clin

lean, slope

clus/clos/clud

to close

co/com/con

with

cogn

to know

contra

opposite

cosmo/cosm

space

counter

against, opposite

crat

rule, power

cred

believe

cresc

grow

crypto

hidden

culp

to fault, blaim

cyan/o

blue

cycle

circle

cyte/cyto

cell

de

down, opposite, apart

dem/demo

people

di

two, double

dia

through, between, apart

dic/dict

say, tell

dign/dain

worth

dis

not, apart, separate

dorm

sleep

duc/duct

to lead, draw

dys

bad, faulty

dyn

power, energy

ecto

outside

electro

electricity

en/em

into, cause

endo

within

epi

upon, over

erythr/o

red

ethno

people, race

eu

good, well, true

e/ex/ej

out, from, put out

extr

beyond, outside, more

fal

deceive

fic/fig/fit/fea

make, do

fid

faith, trust

flu/flux/fluc

flow

fore

before

frac/frag

break

funct

perform, work

gamy

marriage

gastro

stomach

gen

produce, create

geny

origin

geo/ge

earth

ger

old age

gest

carry

glob

sphere

glomer

ball

gluco/glyco

sugar, sweet

grad/gred/gress

step

graph/gram

write

grat

pleasing

grav

heavy

greg

crowd

gusta

taste

gyno

woman

habit/hibit

have, hold

haplo

single

heli/helio

sun

helic

spiral

hemo/hema

blood

herb

grass

her/hes

stick, hold fast

hetero

different, other

hist

tissue

homeo/homo

same

hydr

water

hyper

over, exceed

hypno

sleep

hypo

lower, under

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