AP HuG Chapter Two Terms

Created by elabrie417731 

Upgrade to
remove ads

24 terms

Demography

study of populations

Ecumene

The portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement.

Arithmetic Density

The total number of people divided by the total land area.

Physiological Density

The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.

Agricultural Density

The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.

CBR

The total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society.

CDR

The total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society.

NIR

The percentage growth of a population in a year, computed as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate.

Doubling Time

the time required for a population to double in size, The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase

TFR

The average number of children a women will have throughout her childbearing years.

IMR

The total number of deaths in a year among infants under 1 year old for every 1,000 live births in a society.

Life Expectancy

The average number of years an individual can be expected to live, given current social, economic, and medical conditions. Life expectancy at birth is the average number of years a newborn infant can expect to live.

Demographic transition

change in a population from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates

Agricultural Revolution

The time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering

Industrial Revolution

Change in technology, brought about by improvements in machinery and by use of steam power

Medical Revolution

Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and enabled more people to live longer and healthier lives.

Zero Population Growth

A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero., when the birth rate equals the death rate

Population pyramid

A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex.

Dependency Ratio

The number of people under the age of 15 and over age 64, compares to the number of people active in the labor force.

Sex Ratio

The number of males per 100 females in the population.

Census

a period count of the population

Epidemiological Transition

distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition

Epidemiology

Branch of medical science concerned with the incidence, distribution, and control of diseases that affect large numbers of people.

Pandemic

an epidemic that is geographically widespread

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set