a human right based on nature or god. Famers considered these to be violated during the British rule.
Declaration of Independence:
Declared American independence from Britain. Written by Jefferson.
Articles Of Confederation
A weak Constitution that governed America during the Revolutionary war
Meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 that produced a new constitution. Leaders of the states met to fix the Article Of Confederation
A 1787 rebellion in which ex-Revolutionary War soldiers attempted to prevent foreclosures of farms as a result of high interest rates and taxes. Jefferson thought it was a good thing but it showed how weak the Article Of Confederations was
Proposal to reate a strong national government
New Jersey Plan
Proposal to create a weak national government. New Jersey was scared large states would have an advantage
Plan to have a popularly elected House based on state population and a state-elected Senate, two senators from each state
Separation of power
keeps the 3 branches of government in check
Checks and balances
authority shared by the 3 branches of the government
the power f the courts to declare something unconstitutional. They translate laws into present times
A government in which elected representatives make the decisions
Government authority shared by national and state governments
A group with a distinct political interest
Hamilton, Jay and Madison wrote essays in the New York City newspapers to explain the newly written Constitution to the people
Those who favor a stronger national government
Those who favor a weaker national government
An alliance of factions
Rit of habeas corpus
an order for an arrested person to appear before a judge
Bill of attainder
a law that declares a person, without a trial, to be guilty of a crime
Ex post facto law
a law that makes an act criminal although the act was legal when it was committed
Bill of Rights
First ten amendments to the Constitution
A new addition to the Constitution that has been ratified by the states
Line item veto
An executives ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature
Congress can investigate a ruling or bill
A political system in which legalized force is restricted through delegated and enumerated powers. Constitution is used to help support this. For example checks and balances and separation of powers.
Foundation of American government in which the framers outlined the "laws" of the government to protect and insure rights of citizens.
Essay about how to control factions
Essay about how the constitution created a federal government for the people
Government by coalitions
People are rational enough to create a democratic government and rule themselves. Spoke of Natural Rights.
There is a need for an absolute sovereign to rule because people always seek their own interests at the expense of others.
Government powers that are listed in the constitution. Article 1 section 8
Powers left to the state. Regulate health, morals, safety welfare
Powers shared by both state and national government. For example taxation.