Med Term Ch 3 & 4 (Language of Medicine)

168 terms by wilson28018 

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intercostal

Pertaining to between the ribs

contralateral

pertaining to the opposite side of the body

exophthalmos

protrusion of the eyeball

syndactyly

A congenital anomaly

symbosis

a close relationship in which at least one of the species benefit. Parasitism is an example

prodrome

symptom that precedes a disease

ante cibum

before meals (a.c.)

antibodies

PROTEIN SUBSTANCES MADE BY LEUKOCYTES

symphysis

bones grow together, as in the pelvis

ultrasonography

sound waves and echoes are used to create an image

metamorphosis

change of form or shape

hypertrophy

increase in cell size; increased development

hyperglycemia

excessive sugar in the blood

retroperitoneal

behind the abdomen

antigens

ex: streptococci

relapse

Return of symptoms of disease.

dia-

through, complete

abductor muscle

carries a limb away from the body

dyspnea

difficult breathing

brady-

slow

parathyroid gland

Four small glands located on dorsal aspect of thyroid gland. Maintains CALCIUM levels of blood.

recombinant DNA

gene from one organism is inserted into another organism

tachycardia

rapid heart beat

epithelium

surface cells that line internal organs and are found in the skin

percutaneous

through the skin

neonatal

pertaining to newborn (spelling)

postmortem

after death (spelling)

metastasis

beyond controlling (spelling)

syndrome

a group of symptoms

bifurcation

normal splitting into two branches (spelling)

antibody

protein that helps destroy pathogens (spelling)

antibiotic

pertaining to against life. (spelling)

diarrhea

to flow through (spelling)

symbosis

two organisms living together in close association. (spelling)

benign

mild, not cancerous (spelling)

bradycardia

abnormally slow heartbeat (spelling)

bilateral

both sides (spelling)

dehydration

lack of water (spelling)

anoxia

without oxygen (spelling)

antisepsis

against infection (spelling)

antepartum

before birth (spelling)

apnea

not breathing (spelling)

antigen

foreign substance (spelling)

euphoria

feeling of well-being (spelling)

inter-

between

intra-

within

infra-

below

contra-

against

ad-

Toward

para-

abnormal, beside, near

peri-

surrounding

per-

through

syn-

together, with

pro-

before

postnatal

pertaining to after birth

ectopic

out of place

pancytopenia

Deficiency of all blood cells

hyperglycemia

condition of excessive sugar in the blood

ab-

away from

ante-

before, forward

cata-

down

contra-

against, opposite

epi-

upon, on, above

hyper-

above, excessive

hypo-

under, below, deficient

poly-

many, much

post-

after; behind

syn-, sym-

together, with

retro-

backward, behind

supra-

above, upper

endo-

in, within

no, not, without

a-, an-

hemi-

half

micro-

small

tachy-

fast

pseudo-

false

dys-

bad, painful, difficult, abnormal

dia-

through, complete

ultra-

beyond, excess

con-

together, with

meta-

beyond, change

para-

abnormal, beside, near

anti-

against

necr/o

death

carp/o

Wrist

gloss/o

tongue

seps/o

infection

cost/o

rib

-rrhea

flow, discharge

-plasia

development, formation

-pnea

breathing

-partum

birth, labor

-trophy

development, nourishment

amniocentesis

Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the amnion sac surrounding the embryo and fetus.

tonsillitis

inflammation of lymph tissue in the throat

-ptosis

prolapse, downward displacement

ischemia

To hold back blood

necr/o

death

acromegaly

abnormal enlargement of the extremeties (hands and feet) that is caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone after puberty

otalgia

pain in the ear

chronic

continuing for a long time

arteriole

small artery

-scope

instrument for examination

cystocele

hernia of the urinary bladder

multiple myeloma

malignant tumor of bone marrow cells

myelogram

X-ray record of the spinal cord

polymorphonuclear leukocyte

neutrophil

angiography

process of recording blood vessels

eosinophil

White blood cell with reddish granules; numbers increase in allergic reactions

-malacia

softening

-sclerosis

hardening

pericardium

surrounds the heart

arteriosclerosis

hardening of the arteries

hepatomegaly

enlargement of the liver

tracheostomy

Creation of an opening into the trachea

abdominocentesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdominal cavity

pleurodynia

pain of the pleura (chest wall)

ophthalmology

study of the eye

staphylococci

Berry - shapped bacteria in clusters.

laryngeal

pertaining to the voice box

pneumonia

Condition of the lungs; fluid and foreign organisms collect in the lungs.

leukopenia

deficiency of white blood cells

hypertrophy

excessive development

inguinal

pertaining to the groin

platelet

Clotting cell or thrombocyte.

phlebotomy

incision of a vein

venule

small vein

-centesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid

-dynia

pain

-stasis

stopping, controlling

-plasty

surgical repair

-genesis

condition of producing, forming

-cyte

cell

-penia

deficiency

-trophy

nourishment, development

-emia

blood condition

-graphy

process of recording

-scope

instrument for visual examination

-phobia

fear

-megaly

enlargement

-ptosis

drooping, sagging, prolapse

-lysis

breakdown, destruction, separation

-tomy

incision

-therapy

treatment

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