NAME: ________________________
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
 Placebo effect
 Confounding variable
(Confound)  Dependent variable
 Response sets
 Representativeness
 a Improvement resulting from the mere expectation of improvement.
 b The variable that an experimenter measures to see whether the manipulation has an effect.
 c A heuristic that includes judging the probability of an event by its superficial similarity to a prototype.
 d Are tendencies of research participants to distort their responses to questionaire items.
 e Any difference between the experimental and control groups other than the independent variable.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
 The measure of dispersion that takes into account how far each data point is from the mean.
 A process whereby researchers inform participants what the study was about.
 How common a characterisic or behavior is.
 A phenomenon in which reasercher's hypotheses lead them to unintentionally bias the outcome of a study.
 A research design that examines one person or a small number of people in depth, often over an extended time period.
5 True/False Questions

Mean → The average; a measure of central tendency.

Median → The middle score in a data set; a measure of central tendency.

Naturalistic observation → A specification of how a variable is being measured for the purposes of a particular study.

Random selection → A procedure that ensures every person in a population has an equal chance of being chosen to participate.

Dispersion → The middle score in a data set; a measure of central tendency.