International Relations Vocabulary

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Alliance System

political, economic or military alignment of nations; promotes the common interests of members

Balance of Power

nations aligning themselves to maintain peace and security; no one nation able to impose a major threat on others

Bipolar World

world co-domination of two superpowers with opposing ideologies (ex. Cold War)

Cooperation

supportive action or joining together for common interests

Cultural Imperialism

the spread and domination of a particular nation's culture, values, and beliefs throughout the world by way of trade, electronic communication, businesses and the media

Domestic Policy

a government's plan to deal with internal issues of the country

Foreign Policy

a government's plan to deal with international issues that impact it

Globalization

the growing economic and cultural interdependence of nations

Hegemon

the most powerful political, economic and military nation-state in the world (ex.USA)

International Relations

multilateral interaction between nation-states

Major Players/Actors

countries, organizations and institutions that have a great influence on world affairs (ex. France, Red Cross, Sony)

Multinational Corporations (MNCs)

private companies that have operations and or division in many countries

Multipolar World

when several major nations compete for power and influence

National Interest

a country determining its involvement in world affairs based ont he outcome or benefits it receives

National Sovereighnty

a nation's right to establish its own form of government and laws without external influence

International System

maintaing a beneficial and peaceful pattern of interaction among major global players

Nation

a group of people who share a common identity; language, history, culture, etc., but lack a defined country (ex.:Palestinians, Kurds, Kashmiris)

Nation-State

most powerful political unit in the world; having definite boundaries and organized institutions

Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs)

nonprofit international agencies having a particular common cause (ex: Greenpeace; Doctors Without Borders, etc..)

Regional Blocs

specific areas of the world cooperating together for political, economic and social reasons (ex: European Union; NAFTA, ASEAN)

Transnational Agencies

Organizations trying to promote global unity for peace an dsecurity (ex: United Nations)

Transnational Pressures

global problems that undrmine the power and status of many nation-states (ex:pollution, terrorism, AIDS, natural disasters, etc...)

Unipolarity

the existence of a particularly powerful state that is both able and willing to manage the international system (ex:USA, 19th Century Great Britain)

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