cell parts

17 terms by scheung 

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chromosomes

contains the genetic information of the cell/organism, general DNA of the cell (found in the NUCLEUS)

plasma/cell membrane

contains proteins that allow for the transfer of materials in and out of the cell; knows what is good and bad for the cell (animal cells)

nuclear membrane

regulates nuclear traffic with pores

cell wall

controls overall fluid build-up in the cell (plant cells), maintains cell shape with network of protein filaments

centrioles

organizes specific cytoskeletons, involved in cell division, migrates to poles of cell to divide

vacuoles

membrane-bound sacs for nutrient storage, digestion and waste removal

chloroplasts

site of photosynthesis (plant)

cytoplasm

collective site of cytosol and all the organells contained within the cell, holds everything in the cell in place

ribosomes

cell's protein production sites, synthesizes proteins, breaks down and transfer to cytoplasm

cytoskeleton/microtubles

supports cell structure, provides shape and aids in movement of materials in cell

mitochondria

the powerhouse of the cell--site of energy producing chemical reactions; uses energy from food to make high-energy compounds

nucleolus

site of RNA for protein manufacturing and cell division, builds ribosomes, DNA in membrane with genetic messages, synthesizes RNA

endoplasmic reticulum

synthesizes macromolecules, repackages molecules, transports them; storage, separation, and transportation of compounds within cell; assembles components from cell membrane and modifies some proteins

nucleus

center location of the cell where nucleolus is housed, knows everything that happens in the cell, control center, directs organelles

lysosome

site of digestion of lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates, has digestive enzymes eats organelles debris, and particles to clean cell

golgi apparatus

protein "packaging plant" of the cell, collects, modifies, and packs substances like newly synthesized proteins; attaches carbohydrates and lips to proteins using enzymes

surface

overall outer encasement of the cell

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