Define an Element
Material that can not be decomposed into substances with different properties (i.e - Water into H and O)
Define the key distinguishing component organic molecules
They contain carbon
Define the key distinguishing component of inorganic molecules
They do not contain carbon
On the pH scale what is neutral?
On the pH scale what is the most acidic number?
On the pH scale what is the most basic number?
What is one function of carbohydrates?
Building blocks, energy source
What is the molecular structure of carbohydrates?
What is an example of a Monosaccharide?
Glucose, Ribose, Dioxyribose
What is an example of a Disaccharide?
Sucrose, Lactose, Maltose
What is an example of a Polysaccharide?
Cellulose, Glycogen, Chitin
What are the functions of lipids?
Storage and transportation of energy.
What is the structure of lipids?
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
Give an example of a lipid with a fatty acid.
Give an example of a lipid without a fatty acid.
What is the difference between Saturated and Unsaturated fatty acids?
Saturated fatty acids have a single Carbon bond, Unsaturated have at least one double Carbon bond.
What is the function of protein?
Support for Cells; Muscle contraction; Transportation of insoluable lipids; Buffer in pH changes; Catalysts for chemical reactions; Coordination of specific organs; Immune system defense
What are Proteins made of?
What is the function of nucleic acids?
Cell reproduction and cell operation
What is the structure of nucleic acids?
Sugar, nitrogen base, and a phosphate group
List the five charectaristics of life.
Organization; Metabolism; Responsiveness; Growth and Development; Reproduction