modern europe chapter 12 key terms

21 terms by crazyhairgirl57

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

presbyters

elders that represented the individual congregations of Calvinists, directly shaping policy

counter-Reformation

sponsored a centralized episcopal church system hierarchically arranged from pope to parish priest and stressed unquestioniong obedience to the person at the top.

baroque

a successor to mannerism that presented life in a grandise, raw, 3-d way

politiques

rulers who put politics before religion

huguenots

a term for French protestants

Catherine de Medicis

became regent for her minor son and tried unsuccessfullyt to reconcile the Protestant and Catholic factions. she tried to allie with the Protestants, but this ended when the duke of Guise massacred protestant worshippers in Vassy

Saint Bartholomew's day massacre

Catherine gave support in a panic mde and on August 22 1572 after Huguenot Henry of navarre married the king's protestant sisster, coligny was struck down but a bullet which catherine had been a part of the plot, then she convinced cahrles that a huguenot coup was affot so only the swift execution of protestant leaders could save crown and then on saint bartolomew's day 2 days later 3000 Hugenots were killed and Paris and 20000 were killed total

First blast of the trumpet against the terrible regiment of women 1558

John Knox declared the teh remobal of a heathen tryant was a Christain duty

Franco-Gallia

One of 3 major works in 1573 that was a huanist argument that the representatvie estates general of france historically held higher authority thatn the french kig

On the Right of Magistrates over their subjects 1574

justified the correction and the overthrow of tyrannical rulers by lower authorities

Defense of Liberty against tyrants 1579

admonished princes, nobles, and magistrates beneath the king, as guardians of the rights of the body politic, to take up arms against tyranny in otehr lands

Henry of Navarre

becomes the king of France, Henry IV, and had the duke and cardinal of Guise assassinated.

Philip II of Spain

an intensely catholic military supreme that was a great leader, but over extends the army, and spain collapses after he gets killed

Spanish Fury

Spanish mercenaried ran amok and 7000 people died in the street

Mary I

Queen o f england from 1553-1558 who was Catholic and tried to make all of england catholic. She marries Philip II of spain. She is known as bloody mary because she killed many protestants.

Elizabeth I 1558-1603

rules after Mary and started out as a politique, she had to be protestant or else she would be an ilegitamate heir to the thrown, makes protestant official relgion of england, but ends up having to kill some catholics

thirty nine articles 1563

made a moderate protestantism the official religion within the church of england

presbyterians

an alternative national church of semiautonomous congregations governed by representive presbyteries

Congregationalists

Extreme puritans that wanted every congregation to be autonomous, a law unto itslef, with neither higher episcopal nor presbyterian control

Thirty years war

A war starting with the HRE and extending to spain and other nations that had 4 periods that ended up killing 1/3 of the population

Treaty of Westphalia

Ended hostilities in the HRE that divided the empire into nation states and the Peace of Augsburg still applies

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set