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Mycenaean

an Indo-European person who settled on the Greek mainland around 2000 B.C.

Dorians

A Greek-speaking people who migrated into mainland Greece after the destruction of the Mycenaean civilization.

Homer

ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC)

Trojan War

A war (around 1200 B.C.), in which an army lead by Mycenaean kings attacked the city of Troy in Anatolia.

Phalanx

a military formation of foot soldiers armed with spears and shields

Cleisthenses

law maker from athens divides income by niehborhood all male citizens could participate

Persian War

conflict between Persia and Greece; Persia wanted to punish Athens for helping another city- state

Peloponnesian War

a war in which Athens and its allies were defeated by the league centered on Sparta

Socrates

This philosopher believed to know thyself, the unexamined life is not worth living, Hemlock (plant/poison), no writing

Plato

This philosopher wrote the Republic, an ideal philosophy has a philosopher-king and no wealth; the cave

Aristotle

This philosopher wrote Politics, believed in virtue, moderation, self-discipline, and argues using logic

Pericles

This philosopher established a limited democracy; non-citizens had no rights; the Golden Age of Athens

Philip ll

in 359 bc he rose to the throne in Macedonia, lived in greece as a young man and admired everything about greece, wanted to make his kingdom strong emough to defeat the mighty Persian Empire, the father of Alexander the Great

Macedonia

An ancient kingdom north of Greece, whose ruler Philip II conquered Greece in 338 B.C.

Alexander the Great

son of Philip II; received military training in Macedonian army and was a student of Aristotle; great leader; conquered much land in Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Mesopotamia; goal was to conquer the known world

Darius lll

Persian king during Alexander the Greats conquest

Hellenism

The civilization that spread from Greece through much of the ancient world. Much of its influence such as philosophy, athletics and architecture penetrated the Middle East.

Euclid

His book on the geometric elementary plane serves as the basis for the subject.

Archimedes

He discovered the lever, pi, and the elements of Calculus.

Epicureanism

philosophy founded by Epicurus in Hellenistic Athens; taught that happiness through the pursuit of pleasure was the goal of life

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