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7th Grade Chadwick International Middle Ages vocabulary.

Knight

A man who received honor and land in exchange for serving a lord as a soldier.

Middle Ages

the period between the fall of the Roman Empire in the west (470) and the beginning of the European Renaissance in the 1400s. This period is also known as "Medieval."

Medieval

characteristic of the time of chivalry and knighthood in the Middle Ages

Feudalism

a political system and a social system where by a powerful lord would offer "protection" in return for "service"

Manor

A large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord.

Serf

peasants on a manor; they were bound to the land; they were not slaves who could be bought and sold—still they were not free

Clergy

The body of people, such as priests, who perform the sacred functions of a church

Excommunication

expelling someone from the Church

Guild

A medieval organization of crafts workers or trades people.

Apprentice

a person who works for an expert in a trade or craft in return for training

Chivalry

the medieval knight's code of ideal behavior, including bravery, loyalty, and respect for women

Troubador

A poet or musician who traveled around and entertained people with songs about chivalry and courtly love.

Holy Land

The region of present-day Israel; includes the city of Jerusalem, which is a holy city to Christianity, Islam, and Judaism.

Crusades

a series of military expeditions in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries by Westrn European Christians to reclain control of the Holy Lands from the Muslims

Jerusalem

A city in the Holy Land, regarded as sacred by Christians, Muslims, and Jews.

Pilgrim

a person who makes a journey for religious reasons

Nation

a group of people with a common culture living in a territory and having a strong sense of unity

Magna Carta

This document was signed by King John in 1215. It was the first document that limited the power of the government.

Model Parliament

a council of lords, clergy, and common people that advised the English king on government matters

100 Years War

a war between England and France from 1337 to 1453. Finally France won. It was started by Edward III of England to claim the French throne. It brought about new styles of warfare.

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