A man who received honor and land in exchange for serving a lord as a soldier.
the period between the fall of the Roman Empire in the west (470) and the beginning of the European Renaissance in the 1400s. This period is also known as "Medieval."
characteristic of the time of chivalry and knighthood in the Middle Ages
a political system and a social system where by a powerful lord would offer "protection" in return for "service"
A large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord.
peasants on a manor; they were bound to the land; they were not slaves who could be bought and sold—still they were not free
The body of people, such as priests, who perform the sacred functions of a church
expelling someone from the Church
A medieval organization of crafts workers or trades people.
a person who works for an expert in a trade or craft in return for training
the medieval knight's code of ideal behavior, including bravery, loyalty, and respect for women
A poet or musician who traveled around and entertained people with songs about chivalry and courtly love.
The region of present-day Israel; includes the city of Jerusalem, which is a holy city to Christianity, Islam, and Judaism.
a series of military expeditions in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries by Westrn European Christians to reclain control of the Holy Lands from the Muslims
A city in the Holy Land, regarded as sacred by Christians, Muslims, and Jews.
a person who makes a journey for religious reasons
a group of people with a common culture living in a territory and having a strong sense of unity
This document was signed by King John in 1215. It was the first document that limited the power of the government.
a council of lords, clergy, and common people that advised the English king on government matters
100 Years War
a war between England and France from 1337 to 1453. Finally France won. It was started by Edward III of England to claim the French throne. It brought about new styles of warfare.