approaches that seek to delineate the characteristics of situations and followers and examine the leadership styles that can be used effectively.
Fielder's contingency model
a model designed to diagnose whether a leader is task-oriented or relationship-oriented and match leader style to the situation
Hersey and Blanchard's extension of the leadership grid focusing on the characteristics of followers as the important elements of the situation, and consequently, of determining effective leader behavior.
a contingency approach to leadership in which the leader's responsibility is to increase subordinates' motivation by clarifying the behaviors necessary for task accomplishment and rewards
Vroom-Jago contingency model
a contingency model that focuses on varying degrees of participative leadership, and how each level of participation influences quality and accountability of decisions