Monarch with total power. Most today have limited power and serve as ceremonial heads of state.
When the government takes over trough coupe, war, overthrow of a government. It can happen peacefully if the people (Nazis) or the previous government agrees.
When rulers answer to themselves, and not to the people.
The rulers try to control everything in the people lives. This includes their religion, culture, politics and the personal parts of their lives. (Nazis, Mussolini, USSR = Totalitarian, but no dictatorship)
A small group in power (WWII Japanese military)
In Greek it means "rule of the people." The people rule directly or direct their office, and the people agree to be ruled by the leader that they elect.
A direct democracy happens when all of the voters from their community get together and make laws and decide what actions to do. In history it was only successful in small communities. (Athens.)
The people elect their representatives for the government. It is called "republic" (US)
a state in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by representatives chosen directly or indirectly by them.
any written or positive rule or collection of rules prescribed under the authority of the state or nation, as by the people in its constitution.
The "Great Charter" of English liberties, forced from King John by the English barons and sealed at Runnymede, June 15, 1215.
English Bill of Rights
Signed by William and Mary to protect the citizen's rights.
The written plan for our government.
Rights that God has given to everyone. (can't be taken away)
-life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
the Confederation, the union of the 13 original U.S. states under the Articles of Confederation 1781-89.
supreme and independent power or authority in government as possessed or claimed by a state or community.
to provide with a permanent fund or source of income
rightness of principle or conduct; moral virtue
Articles of Confederation
the first constitution of the 13 American states, adopted in 1781 and replaced in 1789 by the Constitution of the United States.
someone sent to represent someone else.
having two branches, chambers, or houses, as a legislative body.
Consisting of a single chamber, as a legislative assembly.
the federal principle of government.
a system of political organization in which most or all of the governing power resides in a centralized government. It contrasts with a federal system.
When both sides give up something to have an argument.
Makes acts of laws.
Approval of the constitution.
The law making body of England.
People who support having the government powers between state and national governments.
People who believe that the states power would be in danger because of the constitution.
Levels of American government
Highest level - National, Middle level - State, Closest level - local (country or city)
Purposes of government
Helping people cooperate - When people work together for good. Providing services - when the government lets large groups of people get necessary jobs done. Providing rules - We need rules to get along. Putting ideas into practice - Everyone is equal and have their own rights.
The two most basic ideals of America
Liberty and equality
authorship, purpose, and major points of the Declaration of Independence
To show that everyone is equal and that we have our own rights. "We hold these truths to be self evident that all men are created equal that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness."
purpose and major points of the Magna Carta
A document saying that the king must follow the laws and respect the rights of Parliament.
purpose and major points of the English Bill of Rights
Signed by William and Mary to protect the citizens rights.
purpose and major points of the Articles of Confederation; reason for the Articles
The states had more power and it was unicameral. 9/13 states had to vote to pass laws.
authorship, purpose, and major points of the Constitution of the United States
It was to create a new type of government in which there was a national and state government.
weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
No president to enforce laws, No national court, no powers for national issues, and no stable nation currency.
purpose and actions of the Constitutional Convention
When all of the states except for Rhode Island sent delegates to Philadelphia to create a new Constitution.
compromises made to develop a Constitution that could be ratified
The great Compromise- House of Rep membership based on population
-3/5 compromise- 3/5 of slaves counted toward population
-slave trade compromise- Slave trade continues for next 20 years.
strengths of the Constitution
Central government is strong and the states still had a lot of power, there is a President to enforce laws, and a national currency.
arguments of the Federalists
Our nation should be protected by a strong central government.
arguments of the Antifederalists
Thought people's freedom would be in danger due to the not as strong power in states.
structure of Congress and the reasons for that structure
It is a bicameral structure and that both houses have to agree on something. In the senate, each state has the same. In the house of rep, it depends on population for representatives.