CASA psych - memory

Created by mrshea Teacher

borrowed from Lyons

memory

the persistence of learning over time through the storage and retrieval of information

flashbulb memory

a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event

encoding

the processing of information into the memory system

storage

the retention of encoded information over time

retrieval

the process of getting information out of memory storage

sensory memory

the immediate very brief recording of sensory information in the memory system

short term memory

activated memory that holds a few items briefly, before information is stored or forgotten

long term memory

the relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system.

working memory

a newer understanding of short term memory that involves conscious, active processing in incoming information and of information retrieved from long term memory

automatic processing

unconscious encoding of incidental information, such as space, time, and frequency of well learned information such as word meanings

effortful processing

encoding that requires attention and conscious effort

rehearsal

the conscious repetition of information

spacing effect

the tendency for distributed study to yield better long term retention

serial position effect

our tendency to recall best the last and first things in a list

visual encoding

the encoding of picture images

acoustic encoding

the encoding of sound, especially the sound of words

semantic encoding

the encoding of meaning including the meaning of words

imagery

mental pictures; a powerful aid to effortful processing

mnemonics

memory aids; using imagery or organizational devices

chunking

organizing items into familiar, manageable units

iconic memory

a momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli

echoic memory

a momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli

long-term potentiation

an increase in a synapse's firing potential after brief, rapid stimulation

amnesia

the loss of memory

implicit memory

retention independent of conscious recollection

explicit memory

memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and "declare"

hippocampus

helps process explicit memories for storage

recall

a measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier

recognition

a measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learned

relearning

a memory measure that assesses the amount of time saved when learning material for a second time

priming

the activation, often unconsciously, of partcular associations in memory

deja vu

that eerie sense that "I've experienced this before"

mood-congruent memory

the tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with one's current good or bad mood

method of loci

a mnemonic with which one associates items to be remembered with a specific location (see also key word, peg word)

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