Greek, "high city." In ancient Greece, usually the site of the city's most important temple(s).
In Greek mythology, the battle between the Greeks and the Amazons.
An ancient Greek two-handled jar used for general storage purposes, usually to hold wine or oil.
The artistic style of 600-480 BCE in Greece, characterized in part by the use of the composite view for painted and relief figures and of Egyptian stances for statues.
The smile that appears on all Archaic Greek statues from about 570 to 480 BCE. The smile is the Archaic sculptor's way of indicating that the person portrayed is alive.
Experimental Greek vases produced for a short time in the late sixth century BCE; one side featured black-figure decoration, the other red-figure.
In early Greek pottery, the silhouetting of dark figures against a light background of natural, reddish clay, with linear details incised through the silhousettes.
A rule, for example, of proportion. The ancient Greeks considered beauty to be a matter of "correct" proportion and sought a canon of proportion for the human figure and for buildings. The fifth-century BCE sculptor Polykleitos wrote the Canon, a treatise incorporating his formula for the perfectly proportioned statue.
A female figure that functions as a supporting column.
See also atlantid.
The chamber at the center of an ancient temple; in a classical temple, the room (Greek, naos) in which the cult statue usually stood.
In ancient Greek mythology, the battle between the Greeks and centaurs.
The art and culture of ancient Greece between 480 and 323 BCE. Lower case classical refers more generally to Greco-Roman art and culture.
The disposition of the human figure in which one part is turned in opposition to another part (usually hips and legs one way, shoulders and chest another), creating a counterpositioning of the body about its central axis. Sometimes called "weight shift" because the weight of the body tends to be thrown to one foot, creating tension on one side and relaxation on the other.
A more ornate form than the Doric or Ionic; it consists of a double row of acanthus leaves from which tendrils and flowers grow, wrapped around a bell-shaped echinus. Although this capital form is often cited as the distinguishing feature of the Corinthian order, there is, strictly speaking, no Corinthian order, but only this style of capital used in the Ionic order.
The statue of the deity that stood in the cella of an ancient temple.
A painting technique in which pigment is mixed with wax and applied to the surface while hot.
The use of perspective to represent in art the apparent visual contraction of an object that extends back in space at an angle to the perpendicular plane of sight.
The style of Greek art during the ninth and eighth centuries BCE, characterized by abstract geometric ornament and schematic figures.
In ancient Greek mythology, the battle between gods and giants.
The name the ancient Greeks called themselves as the people on Hellas.
The term given to the art and culture of the roughly three centuries between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BCE and the death of Queen Cleopatra in 30 BCE, when Egypt became a Roman province.
Greek, "young woman." An Archaic Greek statue of a young woman.
Greek, "young man." An Archaic Greek statue of a young man.
lost-wax (cire perdue) process
A bronze-casting method in which a figure is modeled in wax and covered with clay; the whole is fired, melting away the wax (French, cire perdue) and hardening the clay, which then becomes a mold for molten metal.
An ornament, usually in bands but also covering broad surfaces, consisting of interlocking geometric motifs.
An ornamental pattern of contiguous straight lines joined usually at right angles.
The chamber at the center of an ancient temple; in a classical temple, the room in which the cult statue usually stood.
The early phase of Archaic Greek art (seventh century BCE), so named because of the adoption of forms and motifs from the ancient Near East and Egypt.
A low, protective wall along the edge of a balcony, roof, or bastion.
A simple long woolen belted garment worn by ancient Greek women.
An independent city-state in ancient Greece.
In later Greek pottery, the silhouetting of red figures against a black background, with painted linear details; the reverse of black-figure painting.
A mixture of fine clay and water used in ceramic decoration.
In ancient Greece, a small building set up for the safe storage of votive offerings.