Earth Science Minerals

37 terms by dmac2055 

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in a mineral the constituent atoms are bonded in a regular, internal structure, a rock is a lithified or consolidated aggregate of different mineral grains

what best defines a mineral and rock

atom

what word doesnt fit: electron,atom,proton,neutron

calcite

what word doesnt fit: quartz,olivine,feldspar,calcite

hardness

mohs hardness scale is a relative measure of which physical property of minerals

tetrahedron

4 sided ball diagram

steak

what physical property denotes the color of a powered mineral

cleavage

the physical property denoting a minerals tendency to crack along parallel, planar surfaces

diamond

what is the hardest mineral known

elements

a compound is a stable chemical substance composed of two or more

conchoidal fracture

most glasses and some mineral exhibit a type of fracture characterized by nested and curved crack surfaces. what term describes this property

atom

what is the smallest particle of matter that exhibits and defines the distinctive chemical characteristics of the individual elements

rock

an aggregate of two or more minerals is called an

nucleus

the central region of an atom is called the

oxygen, silicon

the two most abundant elements found in Earth's crust are ______ and __________

sulfur

which one doesnt fit: oxygen, sulfur, aluminum, iron

selection

which of the following is NOT a fundamental particle found in atoms

protons in the nucleus

atoms of the same element, zinc for example, have the same number of

ions

atoms that have an electrical charge due a gain or loss of electrons are called

the atoms have different numbers of protons and the same number of neutrons

which of the following is correct for isotopes of the same element

calcite

which carbonate mineral reacts readily with cool, dilute hydrochloric acid to produce visible bubbles of carbon dioxide gas

quartz

which common mineral is composed entirely of silicon and oxygen

feldspar

which of the following minerals is a sillicate

gold has a density and specific gravity than quartz and olivine

a cubic centimeter of quartz, olivine, and gold weighs 2.5,3.0, and 19.8 grams respectively. This indicates that

micas

which one of the following mineral groups exhibits a sheet like silicate structure

hardness

the resistance of a mineral to abrasion is known as

silicon, oxygen

all sillicate minerals contain which two elements

halite

which mienral is easily soluble in water at room temp. conditions

oxygen

what element is the most abundant in the Earth's crust by weight

cleavage

the strong tendency of certain minerals to break along smooth, parallel planes is known as

6

an atom's mass number is 13 and its atomic number is 6. how many neutrons are in its nucleus

they can be a liquid, solid, or gas

which one of the following is NOT true for minerals?

silicates

which group of minerals are the most abundant in the Earth's crust

electrons

which the following denotes the positively charged particles in an atom's nucleus

gold

which of the following has the highest specific gravity

luster

which of the following describes the light reflecting and transmission characteristics of a mineral

color

the most unreliable (variable) diagnostic property of minerals such as quartz is

carbon

which of the following is NOT one of the eight most common elements in the Earth's crust

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