the study of significant human events of the past which gives an account of what happened and why and relates to our lives now
__________ of our history affects our future
document or item from the period you're studying, usuall really old
document usually from recent history about the period it studies but not from it
photo- primary or secondary?
old map- primary or secondary?
constitutions- primary or secondary?
diaries- primary or secondary?
art (sculptures, paintings)- primary or secondary?
textbook- primary or secondary?
blog/video- primary or secondary?
written history- primary or secondary?
adriatic, aegean, ionian
three seas that surround Greece
Greek _____________ made it hard for its early ppl to develop a sens of unity
___________ kept villages apart and allowed invaders to enter Greece from the north
legendary king of Crete
city where the Minoans built a great civilization
paintings made on wet plaster walls
who conqured centrel Crete after the Minoans
grouped themselves into clans and tribes
a Mycenaean clan was headed by a ______________
a number of Mycenean clans had their own ____________
built fort like cities in the Peloponnesus
Mycenaens carried out_________
early form of Greek writing
Greek word for city-state
geographical territory of city-state, community it represented, political and economic independence that it produced
3 things polis was based on
main pulic meeting place, marketplace
all city-states spoke Greek
time priod that Greeks didn't have a very advanced civilization
tradition says he wrote the Illiad and the Odyssey
tells legend of the Trojan War
tells what happened after the Trojan War
a long poem about heroes and great events
any long, adventure-filled journey
explain nature, explain the emotions that sometimes cause ppl to lose self-control, could bring them certain beliefs here and now, such as a long life, good harvest, or good luck
three things Greeks looked to from religion
traditional stories about gods, goddesses, and heroes
believed gods spoke through priests and priestesses at special places called _________
Greek gods were said to live on ______________
protector of wisdom and womanly goodness, protector of city-states
god of light, music, and poetry
god of fertility and wine
most important phyisical contest held once every four years
Olympic Games held in honor of ___________
wrote The Shield and Works and Days
word to be obediant to the gods
city-states that were controlled by nobles were known as ____________
a new kind of nonaristocratic kind of soldier
leader who was able to bring a better life to the ppl, illegally took power but had ppls support
idea that ppl should rule themselves
government in which citizens take part
___________ had no political rights
Spartan society was based on the _____________
top group in Spartan society
middle group of Spartan society
considered slaves in Spartan society
Spartans were always in fear of a ___________
How many kings did Sparta have?
Council of Elders
28 male citizens over the age of 60 that proposed laws and were like a court
included all Spartan men over 30 yrs old, enact laws
five for a one year term that made sure kings stayed in law and controlled Spartan education
age Spartan boys leave home to live in military barracks
age Spartans began military training and could marry
age Spartans could live at home
top group of Athenian society
middle part of Athenian society (not slaves but no political power)
bottom part of Athenian society
Athens elected nine who served 1 year terms
first person to creat written law code
settled disputes between creditors and debtors
divided Athens into 4 groups based on wealth
tyrant who ruled over Athens
turned Athens into a democracy
Council of 500 men
proposed laws to assembly under Clesithenes in Athens
What kind of democracy did Athens have under Clesithenes?
famous for her poetry
13 or 14
Athenian girls married at age ____ or ______
at age 7 Athenian boys came under care of their ____________
developed the body of young Athenians
traveling teachers in Greece that taught wealthy young males
studies good and evil especiall in relation to what is a good life and what duties you have
study of oratory/public speaking especially persuasion
mathematics, government, ethics, and rhetoric
4 things Sophists taught
Sophists thought learning from Sophists made you_________
philosophers and sophists
people in Greece who hated each other because of diagreement about truth vs. persuasion
series of conflicts between Greece and Persia
Perisans controlled ________ city-states in 499 BCE.
combined Athenian and Ionian forces burn ______ to ground
Darius sending a huge flotilla of ships, soldiers to destroy Grece is known as the
Greek general during the Battle of Marathon
_________ sends knews to Athens after Battle of Marathon
today known as a race of 26.2 miles
when Darius dies, he takes over
Battle of Thermopylae
Spartans 300 Men hold Perisians back in second invasion to give them time to organize and prepare for huge battle at the ______________
Athens leader who tells them to escape city in second invasion of Perisan War
alliance of city-states with Athens as leader
led Athens to a time of power and wealth
Sparta and Athens interference with each others trade to small poleis leads to the ________________
dies in 429 of epidemic in Athens
makes Greeks question the gods saying "have they abandoned us"
another name for Spartans
get a lot of information about the Peloponnesian War from ____________
ambition to rule over lots of ppl, colonize
king of Sparta- 432 B.C.
in his speech, archidamus explains that a war against Athens is major or minor?
new era of cultural progress in Greece
center of original city-state
white marbe temple built in honor of Athena
myron, phidias, praxiteles
three of history's greates sculptures
glorified human beings, symbolized Greeks' pride in their city-states, expressed beliefs in harmony, balance, order, and moderation, and expressed belief in combinin beauty and usefulness
styles of the golden age expressed Greek ideals in these 4 ways
the study of basic questions of reality and human excistence
philosopher who asked questions, most important thinkers of new era
teaching through questioning
wealthy young aristocrat and the greatest of Socrate's students
long dialogue describing Plato's view of a perfect society
one of Plato's students in the Academy, founded his own school, suddying logically, investigated almost every field of study
philosopher who believed that everything could be explained in terms of mathematics
founder of medical science
first historian of the Western world, father of history
plays containing action or dialogue and involving conflict and emotion
main character struggled against fate, or events in _______
writer of tragedies who defended many traditional Greek values
realistic great playwright
wrote about religion adn the relationship between gods and ppl
writer of comedies known for his sharp wit, disliked war
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