World Civ Big Test

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history

the study of significant human events of the past which gives an account of what happened and why and relates to our lives now

ignorance

__________ of our history affects our future

primary source

document or item from the period you're studying, usuall really old

secondary source

document usually from recent history about the period it studies but not from it

primary

photo- primary or secondary?

primary

old map- primary or secondary?

primary

constitutions- primary or secondary?

primary

diaries- primary or secondary?

primary

art (sculptures, paintings)- primary or secondary?

secondary

textbook- primary or secondary?

secondary

blog/video- primary or secondary?

secondary

written history- primary or secondary?

adriatic, aegean, ionian

three seas that surround Greece

geography

Greek _____________ made it hard for its early ppl to develop a sens of unity

mountains

___________ kept villages apart and allowed invaders to enter Greece from the north

King Minos

legendary king of Crete

Knossos

city where the Minoans built a great civilization

frescoes

paintings made on wet plaster walls

Mycenaeans

who conqured centrel Crete after the Minoans

Mycenaeans

grouped themselves into clans and tribes

warrior

a Mycenaean clan was headed by a ______________

cheifs

a number of Mycenean clans had their own ____________

Mycenaeans

built fort like cities in the Peloponnesus

raids

Mycenaens carried out_________

linear B

early form of Greek writing

polis

Greek word for city-state

geographical territory of city-state, community it represented, political and economic independence that it produced

3 things polis was based on

acropolis

hill

agora

main pulic meeting place, marketplace

Greek

all city-states spoke Greek

Homeric Age

time priod that Greeks didn't have a very advanced civilization

Homer

tradition says he wrote the Illiad and the Odyssey

Illiad

tells legend of the Trojan War

Odyssey

tells what happened after the Trojan War

epic

a long poem about heroes and great events

odyssey

any long, adventure-filled journey

explain nature, explain the emotions that sometimes cause ppl to lose self-control, could bring them certain beliefs here and now, such as a long life, good harvest, or good luck

three things Greeks looked to from religion

myths

traditional stories about gods, goddesses, and heroes

oracles

believed gods spoke through priests and priestesses at special places called _________

Mount Olympous

Greek gods were said to live on ______________

Athena

protector of wisdom and womanly goodness, protector of city-states

Apollo

god of light, music, and poetry

Dionysus

god of fertility and wine

Olympic Games

most important phyisical contest held once every four years

Zeus

king of gods

Zeus

Olympic Games held in honor of ___________

Hesoid

wrote The Shield and Works and Days

Pious

word to be obediant to the gods

aristocracies

city-states that were controlled by nobles were known as ____________

hoplite

a new kind of nonaristocratic kind of soldier

tyrant

leader who was able to bring a better life to the ppl, illegally took power but had ppls support

popular government

idea that ppl should rule themselves

democracy

government in which citizens take part

women

___________ had no political rights

military

Spartan society was based on the _____________

equals

top group in Spartan society

half-citizens

middle group of Spartan society

helots

considered slaves in Spartan society

helot revolt

Spartans were always in fear of a ___________

two

How many kings did Sparta have?

Council of Elders

28 male citizens over the age of 60 that proposed laws and were like a court

assembly

included all Spartan men over 30 yrs old, enact laws

ephors

five for a one year term that made sure kings stayed in law and controlled Spartan education

7

age Spartan boys leave home to live in military barracks

20

age Spartans began military training and could marry

30

age Spartans could live at home

citizens

top group of Athenian society

metics

middle part of Athenian society (not slaves but no political power)

slaves

bottom part of Athenian society

archons

Athens elected nine who served 1 year terms

Draco

first person to creat written law code

Solon

settled disputes between creditors and debtors

Solon

divided Athens into 4 groups based on wealth

Peisistratus

tyrant who ruled over Athens

Clesithenes

turned Athens into a democracy

Council of 500 men

proposed laws to assembly under Clesithenes in Athens

direct democracy

What kind of democracy did Athens have under Clesithenes?

Sappho

famous for her poetry

13 or 14

Athenian girls married at age ____ or ______

pedagogue

at age 7 Athenian boys came under care of their ____________

gymnastics

developed the body of young Athenians

Sophists

traveling teachers in Greece that taught wealthy young males

ethics

studies good and evil especiall in relation to what is a good life and what duties you have

rhetoric

study of oratory/public speaking especially persuasion

mathematics, government, ethics, and rhetoric

4 things Sophists taught

wise

Sophists thought learning from Sophists made you_________

philosophers and sophists

people in Greece who hated each other because of diagreement about truth vs. persuasion

Persian Wars

series of conflicts between Greece and Persia

Ionian

Perisans controlled ________ city-states in 499 BCE.

Sardis

combined Athenian and Ionian forces burn ______ to ground

great invasion

Darius sending a huge flotilla of ships, soldiers to destroy Grece is known as the

Miltiades

Greek general during the Battle of Marathon

runner

_________ sends knews to Athens after Battle of Marathon

marathon

today known as a race of 26.2 miles

Xerxes I

when Darius dies, he takes over

Battle of Thermopylae

Spartans 300 Men hold Perisians back in second invasion to give them time to organize and prepare for huge battle at the ______________

Themistocles

Athens leader who tells them to escape city in second invasion of Perisan War

Delian League

alliance of city-states with Athens as leader

Pericles

led Athens to a time of power and wealth

Peolpnnesian War

Sparta and Athens interference with each others trade to small poleis leads to the ________________

Pericles

dies in 429 of epidemic in Athens

epidemic

makes Greeks question the gods saying "have they abandoned us"

Lacedameonians

another name for Spartans

Thucydides

get a lot of information about the Peloponnesian War from ____________

imperialism

ambition to rule over lots of ppl, colonize

Archidamus

king of Sparta- 432 B.C.

major

in his speech, archidamus explains that a war against Athens is major or minor?

golden age

new era of cultural progress in Greece

acropolis

center of original city-state

Partheon

white marbe temple built in honor of Athena

myron, phidias, praxiteles

three of history's greates sculptures

glorified human beings, symbolized Greeks' pride in their city-states, expressed beliefs in harmony, balance, order, and moderation, and expressed belief in combinin beauty and usefulness

styles of the golden age expressed Greek ideals in these 4 ways

philosophy

the study of basic questions of reality and human excistence

Socrates

philosopher who asked questions, most important thinkers of new era

Socratic Method

teaching through questioning

Plato

wealthy young aristocrat and the greatest of Socrate's students

The Republic

long dialogue describing Plato's view of a perfect society

Aristotle

one of Plato's students in the Academy, founded his own school, suddying logically, investigated almost every field of study

Pythagoras

philosopher who believed that everything could be explained in terms of mathematics

Hippocrates

founder of medical science

Herodotus

first historian of the Western world, father of history

dramas

plays containing action or dialogue and involving conflict and emotion

tragedies

main character struggled against fate, or events in _______

Sophocles

writer of tragedies who defended many traditional Greek values

Euripides

realistic great playwright

Aeschylus

wrote about religion adn the relationship between gods and ppl

Arisophanes

writer of comedies known for his sharp wit, disliked war

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