CHAPTER 6-9

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France wa finally able to join the scramble for colonies in the New World as a result of....?

End of religious wars.

Unlike the English colonies in America, in New France

there were no popularly elected assemblies.

The one valuable resources in New France was

beavers

The French wanted to control Louisiana because they

would then control the mouth of the Mississippi.

French motives in the new World included the desire to

compete with Spain for an empire in America

The early wars between France and Britain in North America were notable for the...

use of primitive guerrilla warfare

The climatic clash between Britain and France for control of the North American continent sprang from their rivalry for control of

the Ohio River Valley.

In his first military command in the French and Indian War, George Washington

Won at Fort Duquesne

The immediate purpose of the Albany congress of 1754, Americans

Keep the Iroquois tribes loyal to the British

unlike the first three Anglo-French wars, the French and Indian War

was fought initially ont he North American continent

the long-range purpose of the Albany Congress in 1754 was to

achieve COLONIAL UNITY and COMMON DEFENSE against the French threat.

As a result of the French and Indian WAr, Great Britain

became the dominant power in North American

Fro the American colonies, the French and Indian War,

ended the myth of British invincibility

During the French and Indian War,

British officials were disturbed by the lukewarm support of many colonials

The disunity that existed in the colonies before the French and Indian War can be attributed to

1. Enormous distances between the colonies
2. geographical barriers like rivers.
3. conflicting religions
4. varied nationalities

with the British and American victory in the French and Indian War,

a new spirit of independence arose, as the French threat disappeared.

In a sense, the history of the United States began with the

fall of Quebec and Montreal

The Proclamation of 1763 was issued mainly to

work out a fair settlement of the Indian problem

In the wake of the Proclamation of 1763

American colonists moved west, defying the Proclamation

The Proclamation of 1763

prohibited colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains.

One change in colonial policy by the British government that helped precipitate the American Revolution involved

compelling the American colonists to shoulder some of the financial costs of the empire.

When it came to the revolution, it could be said that the American colonists were

reluctant revolutionaries

In a broad sense America was

A revolutionary force fromt he day of its discovery by Europeans

The American colonial exponents of republicanism argued that a just society depends on

the willingness of all citizens to subordinate their private interests to the common good

Republican belief held that the stability of society and the authority of the government

depended upon the virtue of its citizenry

The founding of the American colonies by the British was

undertaken in a haphazard maner.

Under mercantilist doctrine, the American colonies were expected to do all of the following except

become economically self-sufficient as soon as possible.

The first Navigation Laws were designed to

climinate Dutch shippers from the American carrying trade.

The British Crown's "royal veto" of colonial legislation

restrained colonies from printing paper currency

Under the mercantilist system, the British government reserved the right to do all of the following regarding the American colonies

prevent the colonies from developing militias

Before 1763 the Navigation Laws

were only loosely enforced in the American colonies

Sugar Act

first British law intended to raise revenue in the colonies

Stamp Act

generated the most protest in the colonies

Declaratory Act

Asserted Parliament's absolute power over the colonies

The first law ever passed by Parliament for raising tax revenues in the colonies for the crown was the

Sugar Act

The British Parliament passed the Stamp Act to

raise money to support new military forces needed for colonial defense.

Colonists objected tot he Stamp act because

parliament passed the tax, not the colonists

When colonists shouted "NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION," they were rejecting Parliament's power to

levy revenue-raising taxes on the colonies.

Actions taken by the colonists that helped them unite include

the Stamp Act Congress

"Virtual" representation meant that

every member of Parliament represented all British subjects

Colonial protests against the Stamp Act took the form of

British officials sent regiments of troops to Boston to restore law and order

The tax on tea was retained when the Townshend Acts were repealed because

it kept alive the principle of parliamentary taxation.

The local committees of correspondence organized b Samuel ADams

kept opposition to the BRitish alive, though exchange of propaganda

The most drastic measure of Intolerable Acts was the

Boston Port Act

The Quebec Act

denied Quebec a representative assembly

The Quebec Act was especially unpopular in the American colonies because

they deny the French the right to retain many of their old customs

The First Continental Congress was called in order to

decid which of Parliament's taxes the colonies would and would not pay

the First Continental Congress

called for a complete boycott of British goods

As the War of Independence began, Britain had the advantage of

overwhelming national wealth and naval power

What wasn't a weakness of the British military during the War for Independence

soldiers who were incapable of fighting effectively

Many whigs in Britain hoped for an American Victory in the War for Independence because they

feared that if George III triumphed, his rule at home might become tyrannical

As the WAR for Independence began, the colonies had the advantage of

many outstanding civil and military leaders.

The colonies did not face what weakness in the War for Independence

the use of numerous European officers

Regarding American Independence

only a select minority supported independence with selfless devotion.

"Varying Viewpoints" notes that the most influential view of the American Revolutionary currently holds that

fear of losing their liberty drove the colonists to war.

As noted in "Varying Viewpoints," historians since the 1960s have interpreted the Revolutionary struggle as

one in which economic concerns played a crucial role

Perhaps the most important single action of the Second Continental Congress was to

select George WAshing ton to head the army

George Washington's selection to lead the colonial army was

largely political

With the American invasion of Canada in 1775

The colonials' claim that hey were merely fighting defensively for a redress of grievances was contradicted.

The colonists delayed declaring their independence until July 4, 1776 for all of the reasons except

lack of military victories

One purpose of the Declaration of Independence was to

explain to the rest of the world why the colonies had revolted

In a republic, power

comes from the people themselves

Examples of colonial experience with self-goverance, which prepared Americans for a republic, included all the following except

militia service

The Declaration of Independence did all of the following except

blame the colonies' problems on the British Parliament

The Americans who continued to support the crown after independence had been declared were more likely to be all of the following except

from New England

France came to American's aid in the Revolution because

it wanted revenge against britain

When the alliance with France was formalized, the Americans were abel to

1. gain access to large sums of money
2. double the size of their fighting forces
3. avail themselves of French naval strength
4. gain immense amounts of equipment

some indian nations joined the BRitish during the Revolutionary war because

none of the above

Britain gave America generous term in the Treaty of Paris because BRitish leaders

were trying to persuade America to abandon its alliance with France

The American REvolution was

an example of accelerated evolution rather than outright revolution

The world's first antislavery society was founded by

quakers in philadelphia

As part of the egalitarian movement of the American Revolution

several northern states abolished slavery.

Early signs of the abolitionist movement can be seen in the

emancipation of some slaves

The founding fathers failed to eliminate slavery because

a fight over slavery might destroy national unity

As a result of the Revolution's emphasis on equality, all of the following were achieved except

ful equality between white women and men

As a means of ensuring that legislators stay in touch with the mood of the people, state constitutions

require the annual election of legislators

it was highly significant to the course of future events that

economic democracy preceded political democracy in the united states

the economic status of the average american at the end of the revolutionary war was

probably worse than before the war.

The major issue that delayed ratification of the Articles of confederation

tariff pollicy

the ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION left congress unable to

enforce a tax-collection program

a major strength of articles of confederation was its

presentation of the ideal of a united nation

one of the most farsighted provisions of the northwest ordinance of 1787

prohibited slavery in the old northwest

After the REvolutionary war, both britain and spain

prevented america from exercising effective control over about half of its total territory

shays rebellion was provoked by

foreclosures on the mortgages of back county farmers

The debate between the supporters and critics of the articles of confederation was

reconcile states rights with strong national government

the issue that finally touched off the movement toward the constitutional convention was

control of commerce

By the time the constitution was adopted in 1789

prosperity was beginning to return

the constitutional convention was called to

write a completely new constitution

the delegate whose contributions to the philadelphia convention were so notable that he was been called the father of the constitution was

james madison

the delegates at the constitutional convention were concerned mainly with

protection america from its weakness abroad and its excesses at home

motives of the delegates to the 1787 constitutional convention in philadelphia include all of the following except

to increase individual freedom

the great compromise at the constitutional convention worked out an acceptable scheme for

apportioning congressional representation

under the constitution the president of the united states was to be elected by a majority vote of the

electoral college

the idea that all tex measure should start in the house was mad eot appease

the big states with the most people

the constitutional convention addressed the north south controversy over slavery through the

3/5 compromise

which of the following is a compromise in the constitution?

continuation of the foreign slave trade

by their actions, the delegates to the constitutional convention manifested their common beliefs in all the the following except

man hood suffrage democracy

the one branch of government elected directly by the people is the

house of reps

the new constitution established the idea taht the onlyn legitimate

the consent of the governed

the ultimate guarantor of liberty and justice was

virtue of the people

the antifederalist camp included all of the following groups except

supports of a strong central authority

probably the most alarming characteristic of the new constitution to those who opposed it was the

absence of a bill of rights

among other views, the FEDERALIST written during the ratification debate argued that

impossible to safeguard the rights of states from the power of a strong central government

the federalists believe that the sovereignty of the people resided in which of the following branch of government

all of the above

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