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Memphis

first Egyptian capital.

Thebes

Egyptian capital in Moses' day.

Babylon

capital of Amorites and Chaldeans.

Hittites

first major iron producers.

Egypt

first kingdom with a solar calendar.

Lydians

first used coins.

Phoenicians

traders of purple.

Tyre

leading city of Phoenicia.

Damascus

Aramean capital.

Jerusalem

Hebrew capital.

cuneiform

What was the first form of writing?

Old, Middle, New

Name 3 kingdoms.

Hatshepsut

the first great woman ruler of Egypt.

Thutmose III

the greatest Egyptian warrior-king.

Hyksos

taught the Egyptians how to fight and brought with them horses, chariots, and iron weapons.

pharaohs

thought of as gods in Egypt.

Khufu

built the Great Pyramid at Gaza and was the most famous pharaoh of the Old Kingdom.

Menes

united the two lands of Upper and Lower Egypt.

Hammurabi

united the land of Mesopotamia, known well for his code of laws, and was the 6th king of the Amorites.

Sargon I

established the first known empire.

ziggurats

Sumerian architecture, temple towers.

polytheism

belief in many gods.

hieroglyphics

picture writing used to communicate.

Nile River

To what river was a Greek historian referring when he called Egypt the "gift of the river?"

Thutmose III

Who is called the "Napoleon of Egypt?"

pharaoh

Who was atop the social structure of ancient Egypt?

Rosetta Stone

What important discovery enabled Jean Champollion to read Egyptian hieroglyphics?

Phoenicians

Who made the first alphabet?

Hittites, Phoenicians, Arameans

List 3 civilizations that the Hebrew people encountered as the entered the Promise Land.

Theocracy

a people governed directly by God

Nineveh

What city became capital of the Assyrian Empire?

Zoroaster

What was the religion of Persia?

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