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Lupus erythematosus

A collagen disease that was named for the characteristic rash across the nose in some patients

Osteoid

Resembling bone

Myelofibrosis

Replacement of bone marrow by fibrous tissue

Osteoarthritis

A chronic disease involving the bones and joints

Scoliosis

Lateral curvature of the spine

Osteomyelitis

Inflammation of the bone, especially the bone marrow

Joint

Articulation

Bursae

Sacks of fluid located in areas of fricton, especially in the joints

Polyarthritis

Inflammationof more than one joint

Dislocation

Displacement of a bone from a joint

Closed reduction

Pulling the broken ends of a bone into alignment by manipulation without surgery

Extension

The movement that brings the leg into a straight position

Chondrosarcoma

A malignant tumor composed of cartilage

Cranioplasty

Surgical repair of the skull

Costectomy

Excision of a rib

Arthroscopy

Visualization of the interior of the joint

Arthritis

Inflammation of a joint

Craniotomy

Incision of the cranium

Substernal

Below the breastbone

Costovertebral

Pertaining to a rib and a vertebra

Orthopedist

The physician who specializes in disorders of the skeletal and muscular systems

Myasthenia gravis

A disease characterized by great muscular weakness

Thoracic vertebrae

Part of the posterior wall of the chest cavity

Scapula

Shoulder blade

Ankylosed spine

A condition in which the whole spine is stiffened

Arthrocentesis

The puncture of a joint space with a needle, usually done to remove excess fluid

Fascial

An adjective that refers to the fibrous membrane that covers, supports, and separates muscle

Tendoplasty

Surgical repair of a tendon

Tarsoptosis

Prolapse of the ankle

Chondrectomy

Excision of cartilage

Compound fracture

A broken bone that is visible through an opening in the skin

Multiple myeloma

A disease characterized by the presence of many tumor masses in the bone and bone marrow

Myocele

Fascial hernia

Spondylitis

Inflammation of the vertebrae

Craniectomy

Excision of a portion of the skull

Intercostal

Between the ribs

Coccyx

The tailbone

Spondylomalacia

Softening of the vertebrae

Herniated disk

Rupture of an intervertebral disk

Carpophalangeal

Pertaining to the wrist and fingers

Rachialgia

Painful spine

Sacral

Does not pertain to a pelvic bone

Sternal

Pertains to the breastbone

Humeral, radial, ulnar

Pertains to a bone in the arm

Patellofemoral

Kneecap and the thigh bone

Osteomalacia

A skeletal disorder in adults characterized by a disturbance in bone metabolism and commonly caused by a deficiency of vitamin D

Myelitis

Inflammation of the bone marrow or the spinal cord

Laminectomy

Relieves the pain caused by a herniated disk

Metatarsals

Both are located between the toes and the bones of the ankle

Sternum

The breastbone

Osteochondritis

Inflammation of the bone and cartilage

Arthroscope

Instrument used in arthroscopy

Myodynia or myalgia

Muscle pain

Cerebrospinal

Pertain to the brain and the spine

Clavicular

Pertain to the collarbone

Lumbar

Pertaining to the lower back

Cervical

Pertaining to the neck

Hematopoiesis

Production of blood cells

Myelosuppression

Suppression of the bone marrow

Antiarthritic

agent that works against arthritis

Bunionectomy

surgical removal of a bunion

Decalcification

loss of calcium from bones or teeth

Osteoporotic

pertaining to or caused by the porous condition of bones

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