Wamsley's Magic Lens Definitions

30 terms by Wamsley Teacher

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Grammar

a way of thinking about language

Four levels of traditional grammar

parts of speech, parts of sentence, phrases, clauses

Parts of speech

the eight kinds of words in English

Noun

the name of a person, place, or thing

Pronoun

a word that takes the place of a noun

Subject pronouns list

I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they

Subject pronouns

pronouns used for subjects of verbs and subject complements

object pronouns

pronouns used as direct or indirect objects, and objects of prepositions

Object pronouns list

me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them

Adjective

a word that modifies a noun or pronoun

article

the three adjectives "a," "an," and "the"

definite article

the adjective "the"

indefinite articles

the adjectives "a" and "an"

three degrees of adjectives

positive, comparative, superlative

verb

a word that shows action, being, or links a subject to its subject complement

conjunction

a word that joins two words or two groups of words

coordinating conjunctions

and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet

subordinating conjunctions

if, as, since, when, because

correlative conjunctions

either or, neither nor, not only but also

preposition

shows the relationsjhip between its object and another word in the sentence

interjection

shows emotion but has no grammatical function

sentence

a group of words that has a subject and its predicate, and mkakes a complete thought

fragment

an incomplete thought

subject

the noun or subject pronoun that the sentence is about

predicate

the simple predicate is the verb

direct object

the noun or object pronoun that receives the action of the action verb

indirect object

the noun or object pronoun between the action verb and the direct object, that is indirectly affected by the action

subject complement

the noun, subject pronoun, or adjective, that is linked to the subject by a linking verb, and that tells more about the subject

predicate nominative

a subject complement that is a noun or pronoun

predicate adjective

a subject complement that is an adjective

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