## Basic Mathematics in Christian Perspective terms, definitions, procedures 7th grade

### About this set

##### Created by:

DDP1966  on September 21, 2011

##### Description:

Units1 & 2

Log in to favorite or report as inappropriate.

### Discuss

Discussion has been disabled.

# Basic Mathematics in Christian Perspective terms, definitions, procedures 7th grade

 arithmeticthe science of numbers
1/66

Order by

#### Definitions

arithmetic the science of numbers
notation the art of writing numbers
numeration the art of reading numbers
addition the process of putting like numbers together
subtraction the process of taking a lesser number away from a greater number; thus the inverse of addition
multiplication a quick way to add equal numbers; thus the inverse of division
division the process of finding how many times one number is contained in another number; thus the inverse of multiplication
place value the value of a digit as determined by its position in a number
addends the numbers added together in an addition problem
sum the answer to an addition problem
subtraction the process of taking a lesser number away from a greater number; thus the inverse of addition
subtrahend the number subtracted from the minuend in a subtraction problem
minuend the number the subtrahend is subtracted from in order to find the difference
difference the answer to a subtraction problem
factors the numbers multiplied in a multiplication problem
partial products the number of partial products is determined by the number of nonzero digits in the second factor of a multiplication problem.
dividend the number divided in a division problem.
divisor the number the dividend is divided by in a division problem.
quotient the answer in a division problem
remainder the number that is left over in a division problem.
I 1
V 5
X 10
L 50
C 100
D 500
M 1,000
dash over a Roman numeral value increased a thousand times
common factor a factor that is shared by two or more numbers
greatest common factor (gcf) the largest factor any two or more numbers share
prime number number that is divisible only by 1 and itself
prime to each other two numbers that share only the common factor of 1
composite number a number that has factors besides 1 and itself
the number 1 is considered neither prime nor composite
the number 2 is the only even number that is prime
prime factoring method used to factor a composite number until all the factors are prime
The Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic states that all composite numbers can be factored into a particular group of prime numbers
multiple the product of a quantity with any integer.
common multiples multiples that are shared by two or more numbers
arithmetic mean the amount found by dividing the sum by the number of quantities; the statistical average.
distinct easily distinguished from others
least common multiple (lcm) is the least multiple that is shared by two or more numbers.
factorial the product of all the whole numbers from 1 to the number (5! means 1 x 2 x 3 x 4 x 5)
median the middle number or the average of the two middle numbers when data is arranged in numerical order
palindrome numbers, words, or phrases that read the same backward as forward
fraction part of a whole object or collection of objects
denominator bottom number, indicates how many equal parts the whole is divided into
numerator top number, indicates how many of the equal parts are used or taken.
equivalent fractions fractions that have the same value
To form an equivalent fraction having higher terms, multiply the numerator and teh denominator by the same number
To reduce a fraction to lowest terms, divide the numerator and the denominator by the greatest common factor
proper fraction fraction having a numerator that is less than the denominator
improper fraction a fraction having a numerator that is equal to or greater than the denominator
To change an improper fraction to a mixed or whole number divide the numerator by the denominator.
To change a mixed number to an improper fraction, multiply the whole number by the denominator and add the numerator to the product to form the numerator of the improper fraction. The denominator stays the same.
To add fractions having a common denominator, keep the common denominator and add the numerators.
If fractions do not have a common denominator, get a common denominator by finding the least common multiple of the denominators.
To subtract fractions having a common denominator, keep the common denominator and subtract the numerators.
When subtracting fractions, it is sometimes necessary to borrow from the whole number before the subtraction can be completed.
To multiply fractions, multiply the numerators together for the product numerator and the denominators together for the product denominator.
cancellation the process used to simplify fractions before multiplication.
In multiplication, part of the numerator of one fraction can be canceled by part of the denominator of any other fraction if they have a common factor.
reciprocal a number turned upside down. (2/1 is the reciprocal of 1/2.)
To divide fractions, invert the divisor and multiply (multiply by the reciprocal). After inversion, cancellation may be used.
complex fraction a fraction that has a fraction or mixed number for the numerator, or denominator, or both.
To simplify a complex fraction, rewrite using the numerator as the dividend and the denominator as the divisor in a division problem.

### First Time Here?

Welcome to Quizlet, a fun, free place to study. Try these flashcards, find others to study, or make your own.

### Set Champions

There are no high scores or champions for this set yet. You can sign up or log in to be the first!