social studies chapter 1 grade 5 joined scott foresman

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land use

how the land is used

natural resources

something found in nature that people can use

renewable resources

resources that can be made again by people and nature

nonrenewable resources

resources that cannot be made again by people, or resources that would take thousands of years for nature to replace

modify

change

irrigation

use of canals, ditches, or pipes to move water

efficiency

using less energy

Contiguous

next to each other

Region

an area in which many features are similar

Relative location

where it is compared to other places

Continents

one of Earth's seven largest land masses

population

number of people

Absolute location

exact location

lines of latitude or parallels

lines the run east and west

lines of longitude or meridians

lines that run north and south

landform region

region that has similar landforms throughout

climate

kind of weather a place has over a long time

mountain range

group of connected mountains

erosion

gradual wearing away of the Earth's surface

prairie

an area of flat or rolling land covered mostly by grasses

environment

surroundings in which people, plants and animals live

inlet

any area of water extending into the land from a larger body of water

gulf

the largest inlets

sound

a long inlet that separates offshore islands from the mainland

tributary

a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river

river system

made up of a river and its tributaries

drainage basin

the land drained by a river system

fall line

a place where the land drops sharply, causing rivers to form waterfalls or rapids

elevation

the height of the land in relation to sea level

natural vegetation

plant life that grows naturally in a place

arid

dry

tundra

a cold, dry region where trees cannot grow

What affects climate?

Elevation, near water, distance from equator, location on earth , tilt of Earth

Inlet size is

small

Sound size is

bigger than inlet

Gulf size

biggest!!!

contiguous

next to each other

region

an area in which many features are similar

continent

one of Earth's seven largest landmasses

population

the number of people who live in an area

relative location

the position of one place compared to that of the other places

50 States

In the United States

48 States

Are Contigous

Alaska and Hawia

Are not Contigous so are not touching

5 Regions

These 5 are similar in LAND and CLIMATE

Northeast

Me VT NH NY NJ PA RI CT DE MD MA

West

WA OR CA WY AK ID MT UT CO NV

three largest countries in North America

The United States, Canada, and Mexico

Southeast

WV VA NC SC GA FL KY TN AL MS LA AR

Midwest

ND MO IL SD IA ML NE MN IN KS WI OH

SouthWEST

AZ NM TX OK

Absolute Location

The EXACT LOCATION of a place

Line of Latitude

Lines on a map or globe that run EAST and WEST

Paralell

A line of LATITUDE. It is called this because parales are always the same distance from on another

Line of LONGITUDE

Lines on a map or globe that run NORTH and SOUTH, they are also called Maridans

Meridian

A Line of Longitude that runs from the NORTH POLE to SOUTH

Decade

period of ten years

Century

period of 100 years

millennium

period of 1000 years

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