Why did people move west?
For a better life, farming, cities were crowded and dirty, and the homestead act.
What was the Homestead Act?
1862- it promised free land to anybody who paid a filing fee($10) and farmed it for 5 consecutive years.
It united the country, cheaper, faster, safer, easier, transported supplies and people.
What was the Impact from the Transcontinental Railroad?
more people moved west, created more jobs, economy grew, and the country became more powerful.
Life on the Great Plains
summers were boiling hot, the winter was freezing, water was scarce, and women were vital to survival.
Why did government want to take the land they gave to the indians back?
Gold, fertile soil, and silver was found on the land.
What was the Oklahoma Land rush?
Free land was unavailable. Government forced indians to sell their land. Government said farmers could own free homesteads in Oklahoma.
How did the government treat the Indians?
The government told indians to keep to a limited area. In return they would get animals, money, and land. The government took back the land because there was gold in it.
What was the purpose of setting up Reservations?
Government set up forts to protect white settlers. To do this they needed to keep indians away.
What was the impact from the buffalo decline?
Indians needed to find another food source. The government now needed to provide them with food which meant government was in control of them.
What was the Dawes Act?
1887- encouraged indians to become farmers. They wanted to make indians "american."
How did the government plan to make indians "american?"
1. make indians farmers 2. make indians competitive 3. move them into wooden houses.