When Second Continental congress met in 1775
There was no well-defined sentiment for independence
Perhaps the most important Single Action of the Second Continental Congress Was
To select George Washington to head the army
Put in order:
a.) Publication of Common Sense
b.) Fighting at Lexington and Concord
c.) Adoption of the Declaration of Independence
d.) Convening of the Second Continental Congress
George Washing to exhibited all of the following as the commander of America's Revolutionary army:
Courage, a sense of justice, moral force, and patience
The Revolution began with fighting in ______; the in 1777-1778, Fighting was concentrated in the ________ colonies, and the fighting concluded in the _______ colonies
New England, Middle, and Southern
George Washington's Selection to lead the colonial army was
Why did the colonial army eventually Lose the Battle of Bunker Hill?
They were short on Gun powder
When did King George III Officially declared The Colonies in rebellion?
after the Battle of Bunker Hill
Olive Branch Petition
attempt by the continental congress to reconcile with Britain professing American loyalty
What Caused the Declaration of Independence?
When the king rejected the Olive Branch Petition
American invasion of Canada
-contradicted The American claim that they were merely fighting defensively.
The colonists delayed declaring their independence until July 4, 1776 because
1.) Support for the tradition of loyalty to the empire
2.) The Realization that the Colonies were not united
3.) Fear of British military retaliation
4.) Belief that america was part of the transatlantic community
One purpose of the Declaration
explain to the rest of the world why the colonies had revolted
Power comes from the people themselves by way of representatives.
-Written by Thomas Paine
- American independence
- and creation of a democratic republic
Virginia delegate Richard Henry Lee
introduced the resolution of, "These united colonies, and of right ought to be, free and independent states...", into the Second Continental Congress.
What are some examples of Colonial experience with self-governance, which prepared americans for a republic?
a.) New England Town meetings.
b.) Committees of Correspondence.
c.) The relative equality of landowning farmers
d.) The absence of a hereditary aristocracy
Most americans considered ______ _______ to be fundamental for any successful republican government.
Wife of 2nd president John Adams and Mother of 6th president John Q Adams who was very vocal for women rights. Abigail's controversial views for women rights lead to later movements for future women equality.
The Declaration of Independence did:
a.) invoke the natural rights of humankind of justify revolt
b.) Catalog the tyrannical actions of King George III
c.) Argue that royal tyranny justified revolt.
d.)Accused the British of violating the natural rights of the americans
Americans who opposed independence....
Independence seeking Americans....
The ____ ______ was a minority movement.
The American Revolution
The Patriot militia played a crucial role in the Revolution by:
a.) Taking the task of "political" education
b.) convincing people that British = unreliable Friend
c.) harassing small british detachments
d.) effective agents of revolutionary ideas
The americans who continued to support the crown after independence had been declaired were more likely to be all of the following:
a.) well educated
b.) among the older generation
c.) affiliated with the Anglican church.
The Following fates that befell loyalists after the revolutionary war:
a.) Some fled to england
b.) Some re-established themselves in America.
c.) Some had their property confiscated.
d.) Some were exiled
The Following fates befell the colonial loyalists
a.) tarring and feathering
d.) riding astride fence rails
_________ were least numerous in New England
To help British, colonial Loyalists
a.) Fought for the British
b.) Serve as Spies
c.) kept patriot soldiers at home to protect family
d.) incite Indians
General William Howe did not pursue and defeat George Washington's army after the battle of long island for all the following reasons:
a.) remembered the slaughter of Bunker Hill
b.) country was rough
c.) Supplies were slow coming
d.) did not relish the rigors of a winter campaign
In Late 1776 and early 1777, George Washington helped restore confidence in America's military by defeating Who and where?
the Hessians at Trenton and the British at Princeton
Basic strategy of the British in 1777
Isolate New England.
Put the battles in chronological order:
c.) Long Island
Basic principles of the "Model Treaty" and the new philosophy behind american international affairs:
a.) No political connection with Britain
b.) No military connection with Britain
c.) only commercial connection with Britain
d.) Novus Ordo seculorum- a new order for the ages.
Basic principles of the "Model Treaty"
Were self denying restrictions to the Americans
France came to America's Aid in the Revolution because
they wanted revenge against the British
America's first Alliance
The American diplomat that negotiated the "Model Treaty" with France.
Catherine the Great of Russia
Started the Armed Neutrality League.
When the Alliance with France was formalized, the americans were able to:
a.) Gain access to large sums of money.
b.) Double the size of their fighting forces.
c.) avail themselves of french naval strength.
d.) gain immense amounts of equipment.
Commander of French troops in America
French aid to the colonies
a.) greatly aided America's struggle for independence
b.) was motivated by what the French considered their own national interests
c.) forced the British to change their military strategy
d.) Helped them protect their own West Indies Islands
The colonists suffered their heaviest losses of the revolutionary war at the
Battle of Charleston
George Rogers Clark
Commanded Patriot Troops in the West
-Commanded Patriot Troops in the South
-The "Fighting Quaker"
- Cleared most of Georgia and South Carolina
John Paul Jones
Commanded Patriot Naval forces
Some Indian nations joined the British during the Revolutionary war because
they believed that a British victory would restrain American expansion into the west.
Mohawk chief who sided with the British to restrain American expansion into the West
Treaty of Fort Stanwix
1784; U.S. commissioners used military threats to force Pro-British Iroquois tribe peoples to take much of their land in New York and Pennsylvania
-"legalized pirates," more than a thousand strong, who inflicted heavy damage on British shipping
Most important contribution of Privateers during Revolution
was that they capture hundreds of British merchant ships
Britain gave America generous terms in the Treaty of Paris because British leaders were trying to:
persuade America to abandon its alliance with France
1783 - Treaty of Paris
-Formally ended the Revolution
-America broke the assurances regarding treatment of the loyalists.