APUSH Chapter 8 test questions
|When Second Continental congress met in 1775||There was no well-defined sentiment for independence|
|Perhaps the most important Single Action of the Second Continental Congress Was||To select George Washington to head the army|
| Put in order:|
a.) Publication of Common Sense
b.) Fighting at Lexington and Concord
c.) Adoption of the Declaration of Independence
d.) Convening of the Second Continental Congress
|George Washing to exhibited all of the following as the commander of America's Revolutionary army:||Courage, a sense of justice, moral force, and patience|
|The Revolution began with fighting in ______; the in 1777-1778, Fighting was concentrated in the ________ colonies, and the fighting concluded in the _______ colonies||New England, Middle, and Southern|
|George Washington's Selection to lead the colonial army was||largely political|
|Why did the colonial army eventually Lose the Battle of Bunker Hill?||They were short on Gun powder|
|When did King George III Officially declared The Colonies in rebellion?||after the Battle of Bunker Hill|
|Olive Branch Petition||attempt by the continental congress to reconcile with Britain professing American loyalty|
|What Caused the Declaration of Independence?||When the king rejected the Olive Branch Petition|
|American invasion of Canada|| -1775,|
-contradicted The American claim that they were merely fighting defensively.
|The colonists delayed declaring their independence until July 4, 1776 because|| 1.) Support for the tradition of loyalty to the empire|
2.) The Realization that the Colonies were not united
3.) Fear of British military retaliation
4.) Belief that america was part of the transatlantic community
|One purpose of the Declaration||explain to the rest of the world why the colonies had revolted|
|Republic||Power comes from the people themselves by way of representatives.|
|Common Sense|| -Written by Thomas Paine|
- American independence
- and creation of a democratic republic
|Virginia delegate Richard Henry Lee||introduced the resolution of, "These united colonies, and of right ought to be, free and independent states...", into the Second Continental Congress.|
|What are some examples of Colonial experience with self-governance, which prepared americans for a republic?|| a.) New England Town meetings.|
b.) Committees of Correspondence.
c.) The relative equality of landowning farmers
d.) The absence of a hereditary aristocracy
|Most americans considered ______ _______ to be fundamental for any successful republican government.||Civic Virtue|
|Abigail Adams||Wife of 2nd president John Adams and Mother of 6th president John Q Adams who was very vocal for women rights. Abigail's controversial views for women rights lead to later movements for future women equality.|
|The Declaration of Independence did:|| a.) invoke the natural rights of humankind of justify revolt|
b.) Catalog the tyrannical actions of King George III
c.) Argue that royal tyranny justified revolt.
d.)Accused the British of violating the natural rights of the americans
|Americans who opposed independence....||Loyalists/ Tories|
|Independence seeking Americans....||Patriots/ Whigs|
|The ____ ______ was a minority movement.||The American Revolution|
|The Patriot militia played a crucial role in the Revolution by:|| a.) Taking the task of "political" education|
b.) convincing people that British = unreliable Friend
c.) harassing small british detachments
d.) effective agents of revolutionary ideas
|The americans who continued to support the crown after independence had been declaired were more likely to be all of the following:|| a.) well educated|
b.) among the older generation
c.) affiliated with the Anglican church.
|The Following fates that befell loyalists after the revolutionary war:|| a.) Some fled to england|
b.) Some re-established themselves in America.
c.) Some had their property confiscated.
d.) Some were exiled
|The Following fates befell the colonial loyalists|| a.) tarring and feathering|
d.) riding astride fence rails
|_________ were least numerous in New England||Loyalists|
|To help British, colonial Loyalists|| a.) Fought for the British|
b.) Serve as Spies
c.) kept patriot soldiers at home to protect family
d.) incite Indians
|General William Howe did not pursue and defeat George Washington's army after the battle of long island for all the following reasons:|| a.) remembered the slaughter of Bunker Hill|
b.) country was rough
c.) Supplies were slow coming
d.) did not relish the rigors of a winter campaign
|In Late 1776 and early 1777, George Washington helped restore confidence in America's military by defeating Who and where?||the Hessians at Trenton and the British at Princeton|
|Basic strategy of the British in 1777||Isolate New England.|
|William Howe||Long Island|
| Put the battles in chronological order:|
c.) Long Island
|Basic principles of the "Model Treaty" and the new philosophy behind american international affairs:|| a.) No political connection with Britain|
b.) No military connection with Britain
c.) only commercial connection with Britain
d.) Novus Ordo seculorum- a new order for the ages.
|Basic principles of the "Model Treaty"||Were self denying restrictions to the Americans|
|France came to America's Aid in the Revolution because||they wanted revenge against the British|
|America's first Alliance||France|
|The American diplomat that negotiated the "Model Treaty" with France.||Benjamin Franklin|
|Catherine the Great of Russia||Started the Armed Neutrality League.|
|When the Alliance with France was formalized, the americans were able to:|| a.) Gain access to large sums of money.|
b.) Double the size of their fighting forces.
c.) avail themselves of french naval strength.
d.) gain immense amounts of equipment.
|Rochambeau||Commander of French troops in America|
|French aid to the colonies|| a.) greatly aided America's struggle for independence |
b.) was motivated by what the French considered their own national interests
c.) forced the British to change their military strategy
d.) Helped them protect their own West Indies Islands
|The colonists suffered their heaviest losses of the revolutionary war at the||Battle of Charleston|
|George Rogers Clark||Commanded Patriot Troops in the West|
|Nathanael Greene|| -Commanded Patriot Troops in the South|
-The "Fighting Quaker"
- Cleared most of Georgia and South Carolina
|John Paul Jones||Commanded Patriot Naval forces|
|Some Indian nations joined the British during the Revolutionary war because||they believed that a British victory would restrain American expansion into the west.|
|Joseph Brant||Mohawk chief who sided with the British to restrain American expansion into the West|
|Treaty of Fort Stanwix||1784; U.S. commissioners used military threats to force Pro-British Iroquois tribe peoples to take much of their land in New York and Pennsylvania|
|Privateers||-"legalized pirates," more than a thousand strong, who inflicted heavy damage on British shipping|
|Most important contribution of Privateers during Revolution||was that they capture hundreds of British merchant ships|
|Britain gave America generous terms in the Treaty of Paris because British leaders were trying to:||persuade America to abandon its alliance with France|
|1783 - Treaty of Paris|| -Formally ended the Revolution|
-America broke the assurances regarding treatment of the loyalists.