British East Indian Company
British, French Dutch companies that obtained government monopoly over trade in India acted as government in regions it claimed.
Dutch colony established at Cape of Good Hope in 1652 initially to provide a coastal station for the Dutch seaborne empire; by 1770 settlements had expanded sufficiently to come into conflict with Bantus.
biological and ecological exchange that took place in the Americas and western Europe; following the Spanish est. of colonies in new world ;animals, plants, disease b/w the two hemispheres
Nations, usually European, that enjoyed profit from world economy; controlled international banking and commercial services such as shipping; exported manufactured goods for raw materials
Dependent economic zones
regions with in the world economy that produced raw materials dependent on European markets and shipping; tendency to build systems based on forced and cheap labor
English philosopher during 17th century; argued that people could learn everything through senses; argued that power of government came from the people, not divine right of kings; offered possibility of revolution to overthrow tyrants
Vasco De Gama
most successful Portuguese mariner, first to reach India
Spanish explorer, first to start settlement in mesoamerica
Established by Europeans by the late 16th century; based on control of seas including the Atlantic and Pacific; created an international exchange of foods, diseases, and manufactured products.
Genoese captain in service of king and queen of Castile and Aragon; successfully sailed to New World and returned in 1492; initiated European discoveries in Americas.
Treaty of Paris
Arranged in 1763 following Seven Years' War; granted New France to England in exchange for return of French sugar island in Caribbean
Spanish captain who in 1519 initiated first circumnavigation of the globe; died during the voyage; allowed Spain to claim Philippines
British colonies in North America; originally restricted to the coastline of the Atlantic Ocean from New England to Georgia.
French colonies in North America; extended from St. Lawrence River along Great Lakes and down Mississippi River valley system
Dutch settlers in Cape Colony
People of mixed European and Indian ancestry in Mesoamerica and South America; particularly prevalent in areas colonized by Spain; often part of forced labor system.
Cape of Good Hope
Southern tip of Africa; first circumnavigated in 1488 by Portuguese in search of direct route to India
Headquarters of British East India Company in Bengal in Indian subcontinent; located on Ganges; captured in 1756 during early part of Seven Years' War; later became administrative center for all of Bengal.
Led conquest of Inca Empire of Peru beginning in 1535; by 1540, most of Inca possessions fell to the Spanish.
Naval battle between the Spanish and the Ottoman Empire resulting in a Spanish victory in 1571; demonstrated European naval superiority over Muslims.