Unit 2 Vocabulary

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Mrs. Veiga 9th grade KOHS

Physical processes

A sustained phenomenon or one marked by gradual changes through a series of states

Environment

The totality of surrounding conditions

Regions

The extended spatial location of something

Weather

(meteorology) the atmospheric conditions that comprise the state of the atmosphere in terms of temperature and wind and clouds and precipitation

Tectonic forces

origin and mechanics of the forces responsible for tectonic plate movements

Erosion

process that breaks things down

Soil-building

(of crops) planted to improve the quality of the soil.

Elevation

The action or fact of elevating or being elevated.

Latitude

The angular distance of a place north or south of the earth's equator, usually expressed in degrees and minutes.

Wind systems

(in climate (meteorology): Winds in the stratosphere and mesosphere)

Ocean currents

(ocean current) the steady flow of surface ocean water in a prevailing direction

Mountain barriers

A series of mountain ridges alike in form, direction, and origin.

Temperature

The degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment.

Precipitation

rain, snow, sleet, dew, etc., formed by condensation of water vapour in the atmosphere

Climate regions

(Climate region) Climate classification systems are ways of classifying the world's climates. A climate classification may correlate closely with a biome category, as climate is a major influence on biological life in a region

Earth-Sun relationship

The position of the Earth relative to the sun that helps to determine day and night, seasons, and time zones.

Lithosphere

The outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper mantle, approximately 100 km (62 mi.) thick.

Biosphere

the part of the earth's crust, waters, and atmosphere that supports life.

Hydrosphere

the water on or surrounding the surface of the globe, including the water of the oceans and the water in the atmosphere.

Atmosphere

the gaseous envelope surrounding the earth; the air

Landforms

a specific geomorphic feature on the surface of the earth, ranging from large-scale features such as plains, plateaus, and mountains to minor features such as hills, valleys, and alluvial fans.

Climate

the composite or generally prevailing weather conditions of a region, as temperature, air pressure, humidity, precipitation, sunshine, cloudiness, and winds, throughout the year, averaged over a series of years.

Biomes

a complex biotic community characterized by distinctive plant and animal species and maintained under the climatic conditions of the region, especially such a community that has developed to climax.

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