A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
A structure consisting of a row of evenly spaced columns
Recessed panels created in a ceiling
Roman deities that protected the house & family
The north-south street in a Roman town, intersecting the decumanus at right angles
The portion of a basilica flanking the nave and separated from it by a row of columns or piers
Type of performance space with audience surrounding all sides of the stage.
Imperial title given to Octavian from the Senate marking the founding of the Empire of Rome.
In Roman architecture, a freestanding arch commemorating an important event, such as a military victory or the opening of a new road.
A modern art-historical term used to describe the re-use of earlier building material or decorative sculpture on new monuments
The elevation of a person to the status of a god
Mutistoried Roman apartment block
(architecture) a masonry construction (usually curved) for spanning an opening and supporting the weight above it
An arched brick or stone ceiling or roof
The simplest form of vault consisting of an unbroken series of arches; it forms a tunnel like shape
A vault formed when two barrel vaults meet at right angles
Regular Latin word for "eye." Technically used to describe the empty round hole at the top of the dome of the Pantheon
In regard to the columns, the front/entrance are freestanding, but those that surround the temple, unlike typical Greek temples, are engaged (attached to the wall).
Main festival of the dead (Feb. 13-23); centered on the grave; culminated in feralia (offerings brought to the gravesite)
The main east-west road in a Roman city
A recess, usually semicircular, in the wall of a Roman basilica.
A colonnade surrounding a building or enclosing a court
A conduit that resembles a bridge but carries water over a valley
A Roman order that combines the Corinthian acanthus leaves with the spiral scrolls of the Ionic order
The stage of a ritual, particularly a rite of passage, in which one has passed out of an old status but has not yet entered a new one
The Dacians (Lat. Daci, Gr. Dákai) were the ancient inhabitants of Dacia (located in the area in and around the Carpathian mountains and east of there to the Black Sea), present day Romania
Country house in ancient Rome consisting of residential quarters and farm buildings around a courtyard
A vaulted passageway or street; a roofed passageway having shops, etc., opening from it.
True to natural appearance
Things done; what one has accomplished in a lifetime
A Roman building used for public administration
Part of an interior wall rising above the adjacent roof with windows admitting light
The Roman peace
(architecture) a low wall at the top of the entablature
Motif in classical architecture found on Greek Corinthian and Roman Composite columns
A column commemorating a person or event.
(architeture) a tall cylindrical vertical upright and used to support a structure
Public square of an ancient Roman city; public place for open discussion; court of law
The central area of an ancient Roman basilica, demarcated from aisles by piers or columns.
A sloping gallery with seats for spectators (as in a theater)
Persian civilization to the east of Rome
A technique of Roman architecture that gave a rustic appearance to structures by roughening the surfaces and beveling stone blocks to emphasize the joints between them; it was used especially for stone courses on the ground-floor level to give it visual weight in contrast to the smoothly finished ashlar masonry on the higher floors.
A candelabrum usually containing seven—and occasionally nine—branches used for religious celebrations.
The act of walking around something in a circle, especially for a ritual purpose.
An address or speech, standard Roman scene where the speaker is elevated with arm held out in 'speaking' gesture.