Instinct theory of religious development
-A need for religion is innate
-Every society has a religion
-Everyone has a faith
-Darwin's theory of 1859 - led to belief in genetic underpinnings.
Identify the assumptions behind stage theories
The idea that an individual must pass through one stage of development before he or she can reach the next stage.
Piaget's stages and the impact on religious development
1) Sensory = religion is equivalent to behaviors
2) Pre-operational = Development of language, language is concrete and real based on everyday experience, religion as story, death can be fixed.
3) concrete = Understand that parents can't fix everything. Things are no longer magical. Should not teach religion until they reach the age they would understand
4) Formal Operational = From adolescence through adulthood; chracterized by the ability to think logically about abstract principles & hypothetical situations
5) Post-operational = reflective judgement, dealing with dilemmas, and learning to work with relativistic scenarios are all examples of what stage of cognitive-structural thinking
Kohlberg's stages and the impact on religious development
Preconventional reasoning = goal is to get rewards and avoid punishments
Stage 1) Migh makes right and wrong. Avoid punishment.
Stage 2) Based on getting an award social rules/converntions. Social rules.
Stage 3) Society rules, social approval
Stage 4) You just do it cause its the right way. Supposed to do.(authority)
Stage 5) Beyond societys. Convention. Try to change the Rule.
Stage 6) Really Beyond Society Rules. Stricter Rules.
Influences on moral development
-Parents Religion is still important b/c of child's growing up
-Religious environment at school and friends(cognitive)
Influences of social learning on faith
Social influence occurs when an individual's thoughts, feelings or actions are affected by other people. Social influence takes many forms and can be seen in conformity, socialization, peer pressure, obedience, leadership, persuasion, sales, and marketing.
The relationship between attachment and faith
the link between attachment and faith development (which includes not only the relational but also the imaginative nature in the questioning and answering process regarding philosophical notions of existence). The current project investigated the relationship between adult romantic attachment (cf. Brennan et al., 1998) and Fowler's (1981) stages of faith development in an undergraduate sample at a private, religious university (N = 95). Attachment anxiety (but not attachment avoidance) predicted faith development, such that the higher the attachment anxiety, the lower the stage of faith development.