America grew out of...
Religious controversy, Investment opportunities, Thirst for land and adventure, Monarchs efforts to expand empires, Desire to rid countries of surplus populations
Sir Walter Raleigh
led expeditions from England to VA in 1584- 1585, some colonies failed, others survived
est. 1607, first permanant english colony, planters,
Cpt. John Smith
described america as a land of endless bounty/beauty
Plymouth Colony 1620
Massachusetts Bay Colony, 1628-1643
Both puritans and planters were products of...
Renaissance and Reformation
pilgrims from Holland, eventually absorbed by MBC puritans
Came to America in 1620 to prevent losing identity....
Puritans' way of life...
Their dedication to religion, set example to others, Strong sermon tradition, Emphasis on education, Simple meeting houses, Books dealt with religion
3 main beliefs of puritans...
1. They wished to have their feelings radically changed by the grace of God
2. Valued plainness
3. Felt they were on a divine mission to create a new jerusalem
Daily habits of puritans...
Prayed 3 times a day, mass two times on sunday, dressed plainly and had plain furnishings
Thrifty, hardworking, independent, pious
Reasons for coming-
planters- money, adventure puritans- religious freedom
planters- warmer, VA puritans- cooler New England
Type of settlement-
planters- plantations with slaves puritans- village communities
planters- generous, served public, not as thrifty puritans- zealous, thrifty, plain, stern, independent
end of puritanism
Their way of life only lasted about 100 years
Great irony: for all their lofty intent, the Puritans were as intolerant as the English
Exactly what they wanted to escape Zeal of succeeding generations softened Lost desire to sacrifice Couldn't tolerate distension. Yet unavoidable, new sects developed
Born in England (1590-1657), Left the church of England went to holland became pilgrim, Puritan, governor of Plymouth, wrote diary like book
William Byrd II
1674-1744, Planter, born in VA lived in England, wealthy, wrote journal
1612- 1672, Puritan, born in England, First noteable american poet
1645- 1729, Conservative Puritan minister
Puritan minister, came to Salem with family and Tituba
1633-1728, court report of Martha Carrier
Witches accused of:
Killing cows, Making people sick, Cysts, Made wounds not heal, Making people deaf at church, Her own kids and other witches accused her, All things that couldn't be explained at the time, Having familiar- cats, ravens, bats (witch could take their shape)
If you drown you are not a witch, if you swim you are a witch Witch's marks, devil's marks, Our Father- say the our father in front of the courtroom without mistake, or else be killed
Why the trials occured:
power, land disputes, clinical hysteria, crimes against femininity, hallucinogenic fungi
Modern day "witch hunts"
red scare 1950's (Joseph McCarthy), Japanese- American internment camps, Guantanamo Bay
History Of Plymouth Plantation
William Bradford, diary like, factual, dry, religious
The General History of Virginia
Capt. John Smith, propaganda, not truthful, embellished
A Progress to the Mines
William Bryd II, personal diary
To My Dear Loving Husband, Upon the Burning of our House
Anne Bradstreet, AA BB
Huswifery, Upon What Base
Edward Taylor- lighthearted, metaphor----> conceit, puritan
The Wonders of the Invisible World
Cotton Mather, court report