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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. earthquake
  2. reverse fault
  3. P wave
  4. hanging wall
  5. stress
  1. a A type of seismic wave that compresses and expands the ground.
  2. b a force that acts on rock to change its shape and volume.
  3. c the rock on a normal fault that hangs above
  4. d same as a reverse fault except the blocks move in the opposite direction
  5. e the shaking and trembling that results from the movement of rock beneath the earths surface

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. instrument that records and measures seismic waves
  2. the point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earthquake
  3. Stress force that squeezes rock until until it folds or breaks
  4. stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions
  5. a fold in rock that bends upward into an arch

5 True/False questions

  1. frictionthe force that opposes the motion of one surface as it moves across another surface


  2. tensionstress force that pulls on the crust stretching rock so that it becomes thinner in the middle.


  3. magnitudenumber assigned by geologists based on the Earth quakes size


  4. liquifactionoccurs when an Earthquakes violent shaking suddenly turns loose soft soil into liquid


  5. plateaua large area of flat land elevated high above sea level


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