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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. aftershock
  2. friction
  3. hanging wall
  4. base-isolated building
  5. tsunami
  1. a the force that opposes the motion of one surface as it moves across another surface
  2. b an earthquake that occurs after a larger earthquake in the same area.
  3. c water displaced by an earthquake grows into a mountain of water as it approaches shallow
  4. d building designed to reduce the amount of energy that reaches the building during an earthquake.
  5. e the rock on a normal fault that hangs above

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the fault is at an angle so one block of rock lies above the fault while the other block lies below the fault.
  2. instrument that records and measures seismic waves
  3. number assigned by geologists based on the Earth quakes size
  4. occurs when an Earthquakes violent shaking suddenly turns loose soft soil into liquid
  5. a fold in rock that bends downward to form a valley

5 True/False questions

  1. surface wavea type of seismic wave that forms when P waves and S waves reach Earth's surface

          

  2. shearinga fold in rock that bends downward to form a valley

          

  3. tensionthe force that opposes the motion of one surface as it moves across another surface

          

  4. stressa force that acts on rock to change its shape and volume.

          

  5. reverse faultsame as a reverse fault except the blocks move in the opposite direction

          

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