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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. tsunami
  2. tension
  3. epicenter
  4. seismograph
  1. a the point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earthquake
  2. b stress force that pulls on the crust stretching rock so that it becomes thinner in the middle.
  3. c water displaced by an earthquake grows into a mountain of water as it approaches shallow
  4. d instrument that records and measures seismic waves
  5. e a fold in rock that bends downward to form a valley

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. building designed to reduce the amount of energy that reaches the building during an earthquake.
  2. A type of seismic wave that compresses and expands the ground.
  3. the force that opposes the motion of one surface as it moves across another surface
  4. a rating system that estimates the total energy released by an earthquake
  5. a large area of flat land elevated high above sea level

5 True/False Questions

  1. shearingstress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions


  2. s waveA type of seismic wave that moves the ground up and down or side to side.


  3. normal faultsame as a reverse fault except the blocks move in the opposite direction


  4. mercalli scalerating of an earth quake's magnitude based on the size of the seismic waves.


  5. aftershockan earthquake that occurs after a larger earthquake in the same area.


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