AP Vocab Week 1

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Alliteration

the repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in tow or more nighboring words or syllables

syllogism

a deductive sheme of a formal argument consisting of a major and minor premise and conclusion

cause-and-effect argument

explain the reasons or results of an event, idea, or situation

process analysis

a method of paragraph or essay development by which a writer explains step by step how something is done or how to do something

definition

a statement of the meaning of a word or word group or a sign or symbol

comparison

the representing of one thing or person as similar to or like another

anadiplosis

repetition of a prominent and usually the last word in one phrase or clause at the beginning of the next

anaphora

repetition of a word or epression at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, sentences, or verses esp. for rhetorical or poetic effect

paretnthesis

an amplifying or explanatory word, phrase, or sentence inserted in a passage from which is usually set off by punctuation

asyndeton

a writing style that omits conjunctures between words, pharses , or clauses

ellipsis

the omission of one or more words that are obviously understood but must be supplied to make a construction gramatically complete

metonymy

a figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated

metaphor

a figure of speech in which a word or phrase literally denoting one kind of object or idea is used in place of another to suggest likeness or analogy between them

onomatopoeia

the naming of a thing or action by vocal imitation of the sound associated with it

oxymoron

a combination of contradictory or incongruous words

hyperbole

extravagant exaggeration

allusion

an impilied or indirect reference especially in literature

paradox

a statement tha tis seemingly contradictory or opposed to common sense and yet is perhaps true

qualifying

to reduce from a general to a particular or restricted form

antithesis

the rhetorical contrast of ideas by means of parallel arrangements of words, clauses, or sentences

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