flowering plants that produce seeds within a ovary, which eventually develops into a fruit therefor the seed is covered
All of a plant's roots that anchor it in the soil, absorb and transport minerals and water, and store food.
a structure that cointains diffrent tissues and perfoms one or more specific functions
The aerial portion of a plant body, consisting of stems, leaves, and (in angiosperms) flowers.
the main axis of a plant terminates in tissue that allows the stem to elongate and produce leavesa
occurs where leaves are attatched to the stem
is the region between the nodes
cells consist of nonliving cells that form a cintinuous pipeline for water and mineral transport
cells consist of living cells that join at the end for oragnic nutrient transport
are the major part of the plant that carries out photosynthesis, a -process that requires water, carbon dioxide and sunlight
plants that lose their leaves every year
retain their leaves for ususally 2-7 years
a wide portion of a foliage leaf
...the stalk that attatches the blade to the stem
An embryonic shoot present in the angle formed by a leaf and stem.
a embroyatic plant or seed leaves
angiosperms that have only one seed leaf
A clade consisting of the vast majority of flowering plants that have two embryonic seed leaves, or cotyledons
dermal tissue in plants that forms the epidermis, the outermost cell layer that covers young plants
tissue between the dermal tissue and vascular tissue of a non-woody plant that functions in photosynthesis, storage, and support the plant.
tissue that conducts water and nutrients through the plant body in higher plants
the outer layer of a young plant that cointains closely packed epidermal cells
A waxy covering on the surface of stems and leaves that acts as an adaptation to prevent desiccation in terrestrial plants.
tiny hair-like extensions that increase the surface area of the root allowing it to absorbs more water and nurtients
protect the plant from too much sun and conserving mosture
cells that control the opening and closing of stomata
which is composed of mostly box-like cork cells
makes up the majority component of periderm; made by a meristem called cork cambium
Small raised areas in the bark of stems and roots that enable gas exchange between living cells and the outside air.
the primary tissue of higher plants composed of thin-walled cells that remain capable of cell division even when mature
type of ground tissue cell with a strong, flexible cell wall; helps support larger plants
type of ground-tissue cell with an extremely thick, rigid cell wall that makes ground tissue tough and strong
substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid
A specialized short, wide cell in angiosperms; arranged end to end, they form continuous tubes for water transport.
A water-conducting and supportive element of xylem composed of long, thin cells with tapered ends and walls hardened with lignin.
Cells in the phloem tissue that lack a nucleus, but are long and cylindrical for conducting sugar water.
phloem cell that surrounds sieve tube elements
Open channels in the cell wall of a plant through which strands of cytosol connect from an adjacent cell.
The central cylinder of vascular tissue in a root.
strands of vascular tissue that run the length of the stem
transports water and organic nutrients
The ground tissue of a leaf, sandwiched between the upper and lower epidermis and specialized for photosynthesis.
layer of tall, column-shaped mesophyll cells just under the upper epidermis of a leaf
loose tissue beneath the palisade layer of a leaf; has many air spaces between its cells
the inner layer of the periosteum
stems that are generally softer, juicier and thinner than woody stems; plants with these stems usually have short life span (one or two years)
lateral meristematic tissue that produces the outer covering of stems
the trees and other plants in a large densely wooded area
tough protective covering of the woody stems and roots of trees and other woody plants
an annual formation of wood in plants as they grow
Stemlike hyphae that runs along the surface of the food source
horizontal stems running underground
thimble-shaped mass of cells covering and protecting the growing tip of a root
The outermost layer of the vascular cylinder of a root, where lateral roots originate.
the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
first root that grows from plant seed when it germinates
something that provides an important central source for growth or development