Chpt 10 Nervous System and Chpt 16 Skin

Created by TaraSmith 

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part of the brain responsible for coordinating muscle movements and maintaining balance

cerebellum

myoneural pertains to...?

muscles and nerves

acetylcholine is a ... ?

neurotransmitter

part of the nerve cell that first receives the nervous impluse is the

dendrite

elevated portions of the cerebral cortex are called

Gyri

causalgia

burning sensation of pain

a network of interlacing nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system

Plexus

portion of the brain that controls the pituitary gland, water balance, and boyd temp

Hypothalamus

glial cells

Astrocytes

space between nerve cells is called the

synapse

part of the brain that controls breathing, heartbeat, and size of blood vessels

medulla oblongata

inability to speak

aphasia "no speech" -phasia = speech

collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord

Cauda equina

x-ray record of the spinal cord

myelogram

collection of blood within the meningeal layers

subdural hematoma

abnormal sensation of tingling or prickling (pins and needles)

paresthesia

inflammation of a sinal nerve root

radiculitis

a highly malignant brain tumor

glioblastoma

paralysis of four extremities

Quadraplegia

cerebral aneurysm, thrombosis, or hemorrhage can be the cause of

cerebrovascular accident (STROKE)

fainting

syncope

spina bifida is associated with

meningomyelocele (mening/o, myel/o, cele)

shuffling gait is a symptom of _____ disease?

Parkinson Disease

disorder of reading, writing, and learning is

dyslexia

condition of NO nervous sensation

anesthesia (no pain, no feelings at all)

three protective membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord

meninges

microscopic fiber that carries the nervous impulse along a nerve cell

axon

a large interlacing network of nerves

plexus (plexuses)

branching fiber that is the FIRST part of a neuron to receive a nervous impulse

dendrite

protective fatty tissue that surrounds the axon of a nerve cell

myelin sheath

collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord

cauda equina

glial cell that produces myelin

oligodendroglia (scanty dendrites)

outer region of the largest part of the brain; composed of gray matter

cerebral cortex

the _____ _____ nerve carries messages TOWARD the brain FROM receptors

sensory nerve

essential cell of the nervous system; a neuron

parenchymal cell

innermost meningeal membrane

pia mater

elevations in the cerebral cortex

gyri

acetylcholine is an example of this chemical released into a synapse

neurotransmitter

the _____ _____ contains cerebrospinal fluid

subarachnoid space

slow movement

bradykinesia (kinesia = movement, brady = slow)

increased nervous sensation

hyperesthesia

seizure of sleep

narcolepsy

movements and behavior are not purposeful

apraxia

fainting

syncope

burning pain

causalgia

no coordination

ataxia (if you stumble, call a taxi)haha

slight paralysis in half the body

hemiparesis

destruction of myelin sheath; replacement by plaques of hard scar tissue

multiple sclerosis

sudden, transient disturbances of brain function marked by seizures

Epilepsy

loss of muscle strength, breakdown of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter

myasthenia gravis

degeneration of nerves in the brain leading to tremors, shuffling gait, and muscle stiffness - dopamine is deficient in the brain

Parkinson disease

deteoriation of mental capacity (dementia), cerebral cortex atrophy, microscopic neurofibrillary tangles

Alzheimer disease

Unilateral facial paralysis

palsy (Bell Palsy)

relieving but not curing

pallative

peculiar symptoms appearing before more definite symptoms

aura

malignant brain tumor of immature glial cells

glioblastoma multiforme

interruption of blood supply to the cerebrum

transient ischemic attack

minor form of epileptic seizure

absence seizure

blockage

occlusion

neurotransmitter (type of)

dopamine

1) A type of epithelial cell in the epidermis is a ...?

squamous cell

2) dermis is the ...?

middle layer of skin

3) a hard protein material found in the epidermis

keratin

4) structural protein found in skin and connective tissues

collagen

5) Xer/o

dry

6) pertaining to "under a nail"

subungual

7) what is the combining form meaning "skin"

cutane/o

8) Absence of pigment in skin

Albinism

9) Inflammation of the soft tissue around a nail

paronychia (for some reason this is not an -itis) but do remember that this inflammation is ParonyCHIA

10) profuse sweating

diaphoresis

11) fungal infection

trichomycosis (myco = fungus)

12) fatty mass within a sebaceous gland

steatoma (steat/o = fatty, -oma = tumor/mass)

13) a wheal is a/an:

hive

14) bullae

large blisters

15) pustule

small abscess

16) itching

pruritus - note the spelling "U" at the end.

17) keloid

thickened scar

18) inflammatory disease of the joints and collagen of the skin; can affect other organs of the body

systemic lupus erythematosus

19) moles that can develop into malignant melanoma

dysplastic nevi (oddly shaped moles that morph or change colors)

20) bed sore; break in continuity of skin

decubitus ulcer

21) chronic recurrent dermatosis with silvery gray scales covering red patches in skin

psoriasis

22) a dermatomycosis

tinea (ringworm) fungal infection. myco - fungus.

23) white patches of a nucous membrane of tongue or cheek

leukoplakia

24) connective tissue in the skin hardens

scleroderma

25) layers of growth are removed and examined microscopically in a procedure called...?

Mohs surgery

26) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- circumscribed collection of clear fluid (blister)

vesicle

27) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- smooth, slightly elevated edematous area (hive)

wheal

wheal

macule

29) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- groove or crack-like sore

fissure

30) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- mushroom-like growth extending from the surface of a mucous membrane

polyp

31) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- circumscribed collection of pus

pustule

32) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- closed sac containing fluid or semi-solid material

32) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- closed sac containing fluid or semi-solid material

33) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- open sore or erosion of skin

ulcer

34) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- solid elevation of the skin (pimple)

papule

35) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- larger than 1 cm solid elevation of the skin

nodule

36) Name the Skin Condition! -- build up of sebum and keratin in pores of the skin leading to papular and pustular eruptions

acne

37) Name the Skin Condition! -- fungal skin infection

tinea (ringworm) is a fungual infection

38) Name the Skin Condition! -- chronic hardening and shrinking of connective tissue

scleroderma

39) Name the Skin Condition! -- bedsore

decubitis ulcer

40) Name the Skin Condition! -- necrosis of skin tissue resulting from ischemia

gangrene

41) Name That Skin Conditon! -- contagious, infectious pyoderma

impetigo

42) Name the Skin Condition! -- chronic, recurrent dermatosis marked by silvery gray scales covering red patches on the skin

psoriasis

43) Name the Skin Condition! -- cancerous tumor composed of melanocytes

malignant melanoma

44) Name the Skin Condition! -- widespread inflammatory disease of joints and collagen of the skin with "butterfly" rash on the face

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

45) Name the Skin Condition! -- chronic or acute inflammatory skin disease with erythematous, pustular, or papular lesions

eczema

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