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Stephen Collins Foster

United States songwriter whose songs embody the sentiment of the South before the American Civil War (1826-1864)

John Rowan

Owned Federal Hill, otherwise known as My Old Kentucky Home

Thomas D. Clark

Kentucky historian

commonwealth

a state set up for the common good of all the people

symbol

something that represents something else

artifact

things that people made or used in the past

culture

describes the things that make up our daily lives

document preservation

keeping old papers in good condition

evidence

clues that historians study

historian

detectives who study what has happened in the past

oral history

history passed down by word of mouth

point of view

an opinion

primary source

an original source that informs directly, not through another person's explanation or interpretation

secondary source

information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event

character

good or bad traits of a person

prejudice

judging people before you know very much about them

stereotype

a label used to unfairly describe a group of people

degree

a unit of measure for circles and angles

equator

the latitude line that runs around the middle of the Earth

exact location

describes the specific spot where something can be found

geography

the study of the land, water, plants, animals and people of a place

grid

formed by invisible lines of latitude and longitude all over the Earth

hemisphere

half the Earth

latitude

an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator

longitude

an imaginary great circle on the surface of the earth passing through the north and south poles at right angles to the equator

prime meridian

meridian at zero degree longitude from which east and west are reckoned (usually the Greenwich longitude in England)

relative location

the position of a place in relation to another place

climate

Overall weather in an area over a long period of time

elevation

distance of something above a reference point (such as sea level)

human feature

things people build

natural feature

things that occur naturally

precipitation

water in the form of rain, sleet, hail, snow

cash crop

Farm crop raised to be sold for money

harbor

a sheltered port where ships can take on or discharge cargo

humid

having a large amount of water or moisture in the air

prairie

a treeless grassy plain

region

a group of places that have something in common

surveyor

a person who measures land

tornado

a powerful funnel-shaped column of spiraling air

floodwall

concrete walls built around cities or towns to keep the water out.

generate

produce (energy)

generator

gathers the energy created by the spinning turbines and changes it into electricity

geologist

scientists who study the soil and rocks to see how Earth was formed

irrigate

to bring water to a dry place in order to grow crops

karst

a type of limestone that dissolves easily

levee

en embankment that prevents a river from overflowing

man-made

artificial, not naturally made (...object)

limestone

a soft white rock formed from sediment

sediment

tiny bits of dirt and sand carried in the water

turbine

fans that spin very fast (powered by water) to create energy that in turn creates electricity

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