Land Ordinance of 1785
A law that divided much of the United States into a system of townships to facilitate the sale of land to settlers.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Federal order that divided the Northwest Territory into smaller territories and created a plan for how the territories could become states.
Rebellion led by Daniel Shays of farmers in western Massachusetts in 1786-1787, protesting mortgage foreclosures. It highlighted the need for a strong national government just as the call for the Constitutional Convention went out.
He helped draft the Great Compromise that determined how states would be represented in Congress
Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house
the agreement by which the number of each state's representatives in Congress would be based on a count of all the free people plus three-fifths of the slaves
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president
series of 85 essays written mostly by James Madison and Alexander Hamilton defending the Constitution