U.S. History AP/ACC Unit 1

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Huguenots Jesuits Franciscans Puritans Church of England Separatists Virginia Company of London Powhatan Confederacy Indentured servants William Bradford John Winthrop Roger Williams Anne Hutchinson Thomas Hooker Massachusetts Bay Maryland Mercantilism Calvinism Navigation Acts Dominion of New England New York William Penn Pennsylvania Triangular trade Middle Passage Stono Rebellion Salem Witch Trials King William's War Queen Anne's War Proprietorships Mol…

The Mayflower compact

The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.

Huguenots

Members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Inspired by John Calvin.

Jesuits

Members of the Catholic Church.

Franciscans

Members of the Roman Catholic Church.

Puritans

Non-separatists who wished to adopt reforms to purify the Church of England. They received a right to settle in the Massachusetts Bay area from the King of England.

Church of England

The national church of England, founded by King Henry VIII. It included both Roman Catholic and Protestant ideas.

Separatists

Believed that the Church of England could not be reformed, and so started their own congregations.

Powhatan Confederacy

Group of Native North Americans belonging to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock

Indentured servants

People who contracted to work for a fixed period of time, typically three to seven years, in exchange for transportation, food, clothing, lodging and other necessities

William Bradford

A Pilgrim, the second governor of the Plymouth colony. He developed private land ownership and helped colonists get out of debt. He helped the colony survive droughts, crop failures, and Indian attacks.

John Winthrop

He became the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony. A Puritan with strong religious beliefs. He opposed total democracy, believing the colony was best governed by a small group of skillful leaders. He helped organize the New England Confederation

Roger Williams

He left the Massachusetts colony and purchased the land from a neighboring Indian tribe to found the colony of Rhode Island. Rhode Island was the only colony at that time to offer complete religious freedom.

Anne Hutchinson

She preached the idea that God communicated directly to individuals instead of through the church elders. She was forced to leave Massachusetts

Thomas Hooker

Clergyman, one of the founders of Hartford. Called "the father of American democracy" because he said that people have a right to choose their magistrates

Massachusetts Bay

English settlement on the east coast of North America in the 17th century, in New England. Founded by puritans.The colony established political freedom and a representative government.

Maryland

British colony in North America. Began as a proprietary colony of the English Lords Baltimore. Founded by Catholics.

Mercantilism

The economic doctrine that says government control of foreign trade is of paramount importance for ensuring the prosperity and security of a state

Calvinism

A sect that emphasized a strong moral code and believed in predestination (the idea that God decided whether or not a person would be saved as soon as they were born).

Navigation acts

series of laws that restricted the use of foreign shipping for trade between England and its colonies

Dominion of New England

The British government combined the colonies of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Connecticut into a single province headed by a royal governor (Andros). The Dominion ended, when the colonists revolted and drove out Governor Andros.

New York

Belonged to the Dutch, but King Charles II gave the land to his brother.

William Penn

He received a land grant from King Charles II, and used it to form a colony that would provide a haven for Quakers. His colony, Pennsylvania, allowed religious freedom.

Pennsylvania

Founded by William Penn; Religion - Quakers.

Triangular Trade

The transatlantic slave trade, carrying slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between West Africa, American colonies and the European colonial powers, with the northern colonies of British North America, especially New England, sometimes taking over the role of Europe.

Middle Passage

The stage of the triangular trade in which millions of people from Africa were taken to the New World, as part of the Atlantic slave trade

Stono Rebellion

A slave rebellion that commenced in the colony of South Carolina. It was the largest slave uprising in the British mainland colonies prior to the American Revolution

Bacon's Rebellion

Western Virginia settlers were angry at Virginia Governor Berkley for trying to appease the Doeg Indians after the Doegs attacked the western settlements

Salem Witch Trials

A series of hearings before county court trials to prosecute people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts

King William's war

A war between England, France and American Indians. Aka The grand Alliance.

Queen Anne's War

Second French and Indian war

Proprietorship

A type of colony when only one family or a group of people runs it, for example the King.

Molasses act

Act of the Parliament of Great Britain, which imposed a tax of six pence per gallon on imports of molasses from non-British colonies

Great Awakening

Widespread revivals led by evangelical Protestant ministers, a sharp increase of interest in religion, a profound sense of conviction and redemption on the part of those affected, a jump in evangelical church membership, and the formation of new religious movements and denominations

New England colonies

Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire (mostly farmers)

Middle colonies

New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware.

Chesapeake (South) colonies

Virginia, Maryland, Delaware

Deep Southern colonies

North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia

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