Distinguish between the historical aspect of salvation (salvation accomplished) and the applied aspect of salvation (salvation applied).
1. The historical aspect of salvation includes: the redemption by blood, the reconciliation of man to God, the propitiation of God's wrath, the fulfilling of the law and the forgiveness of sins.
2. The applied aspect of salvation includes: evangelism, regeneration, sanctification and discipleship
State the five tests that are used to verify theological truths.
3. Priority of Data
Properly identify the eleven divisions of theology.
1. Theology Begins with Prolegomena:
a. Pro Means to Go before;
b. Lego Means to Say or Speak
2. Bibliography: the Theology of Scriptures
3. Theology Proper: Theology of God
4. Christology: Theology of Jesus Christ
5. Pneumatology: Theology of the Holy Spirit
6. Anthropology: Theology of Man
7. Hamartiology: Theology of Sin
8. Soteriology: Theology of Salvation
9. Angelology: Theology of Angels
10. Ecclesiology: Theology of the Church
11. Eschatology: Theology of Last Things
Understand the nature of salvation as a dynamic quality of life, not just a passive point of position.
It is a changed life to live Holy and please God.
Understand the three tenses as each is applied to the subject of salvation.
1. The Christian has been saved from the guilt and penalty of sin and is safe.
2. the Christian is being saved from the habit and dominion of sin.
3. the Christian will be staying at the Lord's return, from all the bodily infirmities that are the result of sin and God's curse upon the sinful world
Know that in the Old Testament, men were saved as they are in the New Testament. Be especially familiar with the fact that the basis, requirement, and object of salvation remains consistent in every age, but the content of faith may change in the various dispensations. Know how to define "grace" as applied to the work of God in salvation, and understand the relationship of grace to salvation.
Grace is the good pleasure of God extended to save an undeserving sinful man.
Know the significance of the Council of Dort and its impact in defining the system referred to as "Calvinism."
in 1618, a national city of the church of the Netherlands can be endured and examine the teaching of Arminius in light of Scripture. this Council consisted of 144 session stretched over at least seven months. They concluded that the points of Arminianism were heresy. they reaffirmed the reformed teaching of John Calvin. They stated that conclusion in five points expressing it in the form of the acrostics forming the word Tulip
Know how to define each of the "five points of Calvinism" and be able to explain any inherent weaknesses pertaining to each.
a. Total depravity:
b. Unconditional election:
c. Limited atonement:
d. Irresistible grace:
e. Perseverance of the saints:
1. Total Depravity: to mean that any man in his natural state is incapable on able to do anything to please or gain merit from God. When man is totally depraved he cannot discern the truth of the gospel understand it when it is presented to him. The Calvin disqualifies the meaning of "free will", indicating that man is not totally free, but is able to respond to God because of election and irresistible grace.
2. Calvinists believe a man obtain salvation because God began the process by choosing. Without any outside influence. The ground of election is a God himself, which is to say salvation begins in God's will and purpose and not in an act of faith or some other condition and responder. As a result man has no part in it.
3. Limited Atonement: if man is totally depraved so that he cannot respond, and God is sovereign in His unconditional choice, and when Jesus died, He died for those that were chosen by God.
4. Irresistible Grace: Calvinists teach that the grace of God is as immutable as the power of God so that man cannot resist it. They teach that since God of his own free will has chosen (elected) man and Christ has died for him, then man cannot resist the power of God that brings him to salvation.
5. Perseverance of the Saints: they teach that the Saints will persevere because this patient is dependent upon God's irresistible grace which was granted to them because Christ died in atonement limited to the elect. They also teach distance man has absolutely nothing to do with his salvation, he will persevere Because the Savior declared that he has eternal life.
Other church leaders popularized the "Arminian" doctrinal system. Be able to name those listed in the textbook who helped popularize Arminianism.
John Wesley, John Fletcher, Francis Asbury, Charles Grandison-Finney
How do Arminians redefine original sin?
a man becomes a sinner only when you consciously and voluntarily sin, thus appropriating the sin nature of Adam.
How does the Arminian system depreciate the completed work of Christ by the denial of the security of the believer?
The idea that Christ would save and then allow a convert to lose what he did not merit nor achieved in repentance, causes one to question not only His work, but also His character.
Understand how the Arminian belief in apostasy may lead to an implied "salvation-by-works" doctrine.
salvation ceases to be a free gift because in part a person is responsible for the retention of their salvation
Be able to define the terms supralapsarian, infralapsarian, and sublapsarian.
1. Supralapsarian:God first decreed to save the elect, He decreed that Christ would die, and provide salvation for them
2. Infralapsarian: God decreed who would be saved (the elect) and the act of salvation
3. Sublapsarian: the decree to save came after a person had sinned and after Christ had died for him
How can conversion best be distinguished from regeneration?
Conversion is the human side of that experience and regeneration is the divine side. Conversion means a turning to God from sin on the part of the sinner.
What is the basic definition of the word repentance? In what way does repentance affect the intellect, the emotions, and the will of man?
Repentance means to change one's mind
1. Intellect: there is a change of thought. A man's view of sin and of God and his relation to God undergo a change when he repentance
2. Emotions: there is a change of feeling. A penitent man is genuine regret.
3. Will of Man: there is a voluntary element in genuine repentance. There will exchanged and new purpose is formed. There is a forsaking of sin and actual turning to God.
Be able to define justification, noting especially its positional and declarative aspects.
Justification is the act where God declares a person righteous when a person accepts His word. Justification makes man perfect in God's sight. It is not that man has become perfect, only that God has declared him righteous and therefore he stands perfect in the sight of God.
Be able to define regeneration and note the term's relationship to the biblical concepts of being "born again" and created as a "new creation."
Regeneration is the work of the Holy Spirit in the salvation experience which produces new life in the believer and a new nature capable of doing the will of God
Understand the positional emphasis of adoption within the context of soteriology.
In regeneration a Christian receives the nature of a child of God; in adoption he receives the position of a son of God
Note the five illustrations found in the New Testament by which the doctrine of "Union with Christ" is taught.
1. The Bible speaks of in building and its foundation, identifying Christ as the foundation and cornerstone and believers as the construction materials.
2. Paul teaches union with Christ to the illustration of the union of husband and wife.
3. The vine in the branches.
4. Teaching union and communion of Christ and believers Paul used the illustration of the body of Christ.
5. The union of the human race and its source of life and Adam is an illustration of this union of the believer with the second Adam, Christ.
Be able to define the doctrine of "eternal security."
teaches that God is able to complete the good work of salvation that he has begun in every believer, and that he has power over all flesh. The Christian has the promise of God that no one can separate the Christian from God.
Understand the twofold aspect of this separation:
to be "set apart" from sin and to be "set apart" to God.
to be "set apart" from sin and to be "set apart" to God.
Understand the three aspects of sanctification for the Christian regarding the past, present and future (positional sanctification, progressive sanctification, and prospective sanctification).
1. Positional Sanctification. The relationship with God we enter by faith in Jesus Christ. When God made holy by retention, remain totally. The moment a person is saved he becomes a new creature and this position is changed from alien to a citizen.
2. Progressive Sanctification. It takes place in this present life and is sometimes called experiential or practical sanctification. It involves the struggles of victory and defeat of the Christian. God continues to work in the life of every Christian to change him into the image of his Son.
3. Prospective Sanctification. God will not complete the process until we either die for rapture.